Plant Growth Regulation

, Volume 39, Issue 1, pp 83–90 | Cite as

Differential effect of sorbitol and polyethylene glycol on antioxidant enzymes in rice leaves

  • Shih-Yung Hsu
  • Ching Huei Kao


Polyethylene glycol (PEG) and sorbitol (ST) have each been used inosmotically induced water stress studies in plants, however, these osmotica maynot have equivalent effects in plants. The present study was designed to examinewhether antioxidant enzyme responses in rice leaves are different for PEG and STof osmotic potential −1.5 MPa. As judged by relative watercontent, PEG treatment resulted in a higher degree of water stress in riceleaves than ST treatment. PEG treatment markedly increased lipid peroxidation,judged by malondialdehyde content, in rice leaves. However, ST treatment had noeffect on lipid peroxidation. An increase in peroxidase (POX), ascorbateperoxidase (APX) and glutathione reductase (GR) activities was observed in riceleaves treated with ST. PEG treatment had no effect on POX and APX activitiesand decreased GR activity in rice leaves. The decrease in superoxide dismutaseactivity induced by PEG was more pronounced than by ST. Cycloheximide blockedthe enhanced activities of POX, APX and GR by ST, indicating de novo synthesisof the enzymes. Results suggest that ST but not PEG treatment can up-regulateantioxidant system in rice leaves.

Lipid peroxidation Oryza sativa Polyethylene glycol Sorbitol 


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Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic Publishers 2003

Authors and Affiliations

  • Shih-Yung Hsu
    • 1
  • Ching Huei Kao
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of AgronomyNational Taiwan UniversityTaipeiRepublic of China

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