Sex Roles

, Volume 47, Issue 9–10, pp 433–441 | Cite as

Education and Catholic Religiosity as Predictors of Hostile and Benevolent Sexism Toward Women and Men

  • Peter Glick
  • Maria Lameiras
  • Yolanda Rodriguez Castro


The relationships of education and religiosity to hostile and benevolently sexist attitudes toward women and men, as assessed by the Ambivalent Sexism Inventory (ASI; Glick & Fiske, 1996) and the Ambivalence Toward Men Inventory (AMI; Glick & Fiske, 1999), was explored in a random sample of 1,003 adults (508 women, 495 men) from Galicia, Spain. For both men and women (a) level of educational attainment negatively correlated with hostile and benevolent sexist attitudes, and (b) Catholic religiosity uniquely predicted more benevolent, but not more hostile, sexist attitudes. Although correlational, these data are consistent with the notion that active participation in the Catholic Church may reinforce benevolently sexist ideologies that legitimate gender inequality, whereas education may be effective in diminishing sexist beliefs.

Catholicism education benevolent sexism hostile sexism 


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Copyright information

© Plenum Publishing Corporation 2002

Authors and Affiliations

  • Peter Glick
    • 1
  • Maria Lameiras
    • 2
  • Yolanda Rodriguez Castro
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of PsychologyLawrence UniversityApleton
  2. 2.Universidad de VigoOurense

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