Plant Growth Regulation

, Volume 38, Issue 3, pp 225–230 | Cite as

Growth responses of marigold and salvia bedding plants as affected by monochromic or mixture radiation provided by a Light-Emitting Diode (LED)

  • Jeongwook Heo
  • Chunwoo Lee
  • Debasis Chakrabarty
  • Keeyoeup PaekEmail author


The effects of light generated by monochromic blue, red or mixed radiation from a fluorescent lamp (FL) with light emitting diodes (LEDs) (blue, red, or far-red) on growth and morphogenesis of marigold and salvia seedlings were investigated and the responses compared with those of plantlets grown under a broad spectrum conventional fluorescent lamp (a 16 h photoperiod per day). Dry weight of marigold seedlings was significantly increased in monochromic red light (R), fluorescent light plus red LED (FLR) or fluorescent light (FL) but reduced when monochromic blue light (B) was used, whereas in salvia dry weight was significantly greater under fluorescent light plus blue LED (FLB), fluorescent light plus red LED (FLR) and fluorescent light plus far-red LED (FLFr) as compared to other treatments. Stem length in marigold was greatest in monochromic blue light, being three times greater than in FLR or FL treatments. In salvia, FLFr increased stem length but this was significantly decreased by R as compared to other treatments. The number of visible flower buds in marigold was much higher in FLR as well as in the control (FL), and it was about five times greater than in B or R. However, the number of open flowers in salvia varied slightly in all the treatments. Different light qualities also influenced the duration of the blooming period in both the species. No flower buds were formed when monochromic B or R was used in salvia and FLFr inhibited flower bud formation in marigold. In comparison with monochromic blue or red light, the number of stomata was greater in mixed radiation of FL with LEDs in both the plants. Our study demonstrates the effectiveness of a LED system for plantlet growth and morphogenesis in space-based plant research chambers.

Flowering Photomorphogenesis Plant growth Salvia splendens Stomata Tagetes erecta 


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Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic Publishers 2002

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jeongwook Heo
    • 1
  • Chunwoo Lee
    • 1
  • Debasis Chakrabarty
    • 1
  • Keeyoeup Paek
    • 1
    Email author
  1. 1.Research Center for the development of Advanced Horticultural TechnologyChungbuk National UniversityChungbukKorea

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