Advertisement

Journal of Poetry Therapy

, Volume 13, Issue 3, pp 125–138 | Cite as

The Use of Collaborative Writing to Enhance Cohesion in Poetry Therapy Groups

  • Karina M. Golden
Article

Abstract

Collaborative writing is used as a therapeutic technique in poetry therapy groups. This article describes a study on the effect of collaborative writing on cohesion in poetry therapy groups with 33 graduate students. Participants were randomly assigned to poetry therapy control groups without collaborative writing or experimental groups with collaborative writing. After six sessions, posttest scores on the Group Environment Scale (Moos & Hanson, 1974) indicated a significant difference in cohesion for those groups using collaborative writing. Previous research on collaborative writing and suggestions for future studies are discussed.

Keywords

Future Study Graduate Student Therapy Group Group Environment Posttest Score 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

REFERENCES

  1. Adams, K. (1996). Journal writing as a powerful adjunct to therapy. Journal of Poetry Therapy, 10, 31–37.Google Scholar
  2. Association for Specialists in Group Work. (1989). Ethical guidelines for group counselors and professional standards for the training of group workers. Alexandria, VA: Author.Google Scholar
  3. Berger, A., & Giovan, M. (1990). Poetic inteventions with forensic patients. Journal of Poetry Therapy, 4, 83–92.Google Scholar
  4. Bernier, J. E. (1980). Training and supervising counselors: lessons learned from deliberate psychological education. Personnel and Guidance Journal, 59, 15–20.Google Scholar
  5. Borg, W., & Gall, M. (1983). Educational research. New York: Longman Inc.Google Scholar
  6. Brand, A. G. (1979). The uses of writing in psychotherapy. Journal of Humanistic Psychology, 19(4), 53–72.Google Scholar
  7. Brown, D. H. (1977). Poetry as a counseling tool: The relationship between response to emotion oriented poetry and emotions, interests, and personal needs. Dissertation Abstracts International, 38, 4575A.Google Scholar
  8. Buck, L., & Kramer, A. (1974). Poetry as a means of group facilitation. Journal of Humanistic Psychology, 14, 57–71.Google Scholar
  9. Campbell, D. T., & Stanley, J. C. (1963). Experimental and quasi-experimental design for research. Chicago: Rand McNally.Google Scholar
  10. Chavis, G. (1986). The use of poetry for clients dealing with family issues. Arts in Psychotherapy, 13, 121–128.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Cohen, L. J. (1992). Bibliotherapy: The experience of therapeutic reading from the perspective of the adult reader. Dissertation Abstracts International, 53(8), 4027B.Google Scholar
  12. Corey, M., & Corey, G. (1987). Groups. Process and practice. Pacific Grove: Brooks/Cole Publishing.Google Scholar
  13. Corroley, J., & Karamer, J. (1989). The tenth mental measurements yearbook. Lincoln: University of Nebraska-Lincoln.Google Scholar
  14. Curtis, M. in (1985). Mitchell, J., ed., The ninth mental measurements yearbook. Lincoln: Buros Institute.Google Scholar
  15. Denberg, Ken. (1990). Poetry in the prisons: Coming back up with light. Journal of Poetry Therapy, 4, 21–26.Google Scholar
  16. DeMaria, M. (1991). Poetry and the abused child: The forests and the tinted plexiglass. Journal of Poetry Therapy, 5, 79–93.Google Scholar
  17. Dore, S., Ed. (1970). The premier book of major poets. Greenwich, CT: Fawcet Publications.Google Scholar
  18. Evans, N., & Jarvis, P. (1980). Group cohesion: A review and evaluation. Small Group Behavior, 11, 359–370.Google Scholar
  19. Francis, R. (1976). Collected poems. Amhurst: University of Massachusetts.Google Scholar
  20. Frost, R. (1964). Robert Frost's Poems. New York: Simon & Schuster.Google Scholar
  21. Gilbert, S. M., & Gubar, S. (1985). The Norton anthology of literature by women. New York: W. W. Norton.Google Scholar
  22. Gladding, S. (1992). Counseling as an art: The creative arts in counseling. Alexandria, VA: American Counseling Association.Google Scholar
  23. Gladding, S. (1999). Group work: A counseling specialty. Columbus, OH: Prentice Hall.Google Scholar
  24. Goetzel, R., Shelov, S., & Croen, L. (1984). Evaluating self-help support groups for medical students. Journal of Medical Education, 59, 331–340.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  25. Golden, K. M. (1994). The effect of collaborative writing on cohesion in poetry therapy groups. Dissertations Abstracts International, 56(3), 867–868A.Google Scholar
  26. Goldstein, M. (1989). Poetry and therapeutic factors in group therapy. Journal of Poetry Therapy, 2, 231–241.Google Scholar
  27. Gorelick, K. (1989). Poetry on the final common pathway of the psychotherapies: Private self, social self-in-the-World, Journal of Poetry Therapy, 3, 3–17.Google Scholar
  28. Harrower, M. (1972). The therapy of poetry. Springfield, IL: Charles C. Thomas.Google Scholar
  29. Hastings-Vertino, K., Getty, C., & Wooldridge, P. (1996). Development of a tool to measure therapeutic factors in group process. Archives of Psychiatric Nursing, 10, 221–228.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  30. Holland, J. (1989). Poems in person: An introduction to the psychoanalysis of literature. New York: Columbia University Press.Google Scholar
  31. Howard, A. A. (1997). The effects of music and poetry therapy on the treatment of women and adolescents with chemical addictions. Journal of Poetry Therapy, 11, 81–102.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. Hynes A., & Hynes-Berry, M. (1986). Bibliotherapy: The interactive process. A handbook. New York, Westview Press.Google Scholar
  33. Ignatow, D. (1964). Figures of the human. Middleton, Conn.: Wesleyan University Press.Google Scholar
  34. Joseph, J. (1987). Warning. In S. Matz, (Ed.), When I am an old woman I shall wear purple. Watsonville: Paper Mache Press.Google Scholar
  35. Kavanaugh, J. (1979). Walk easy on the earth. New York: E. P. Dutton.Google Scholar
  36. Lauer, R., & Goldfield, M. Creative writing in group therapy. Psychotherapy: Theory, Research, and Practice, 7, 248–252.Google Scholar
  37. Leedy, J. J. (Ed). (1973). Poetry the healer. Philadelphia: J. B. Lippincott.Google Scholar
  38. Leedy, J. J. (Ed). (1985). Principles of poetry therapy. In J. J. Leedy Ed. Poetry as healer: Mending the troubled mind. (pp. 82–88). New York: Vanguard.Google Scholar
  39. Lerner, A. (1975). Poetry as therapy. APA Monitor, 6(4), 9–10.Google Scholar
  40. Lerner, A. (1976). An Editorial: A look at poetry therapy. Arts in Psychotherapy, 3, 1.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  41. Lerner, A., Ed. (1985). Poetry in the therapeutic experience. New York: Pergamon Press.Google Scholar
  42. Matz, S. E., Ed. When I am an old woman I shall wear purple. Watosnville: Paper Mache Press.Google Scholar
  43. Mazza, N. (1979). Poetry: A therapeutic tool in the early stages of alcoholism treatment. Journal of Studies on Alcohol, 40(1), 123–128.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  44. Mazza, N. (1981). Poetry and Group Counseling: An Exploratory Study. Florida State University. Dissertation Abstracts International, 42(6), 2305A.Google Scholar
  45. Mazza, N. (1989). Poetry and therapy: Preventing adolescent suicide. In S. Deats & L. Lenker, Eds. Youth suicide prevention: Lessons from literature (pp. 49–67). New York: Plenum Press.Google Scholar
  46. Mazza, N. (1994). Poetry therapy: Toward a research agenda for the 1990's. Journal of Poetry Therapy, 7, 121–137.Google Scholar
  47. Mazza, N. (1996). Poetry therapy: A framework and synthesis of techniques for family social work. Journal of Family Social Work, 1(3), 3–17.Google Scholar
  48. Mazza, N. (1999). Poetry therapy: The interface of the arts and psychology. Boca Raton, Fl.: CRC. Press.Google Scholar
  49. Meyers, J. E. (1998). Bibliotherapy and DCT: Co-constructing the therapeutic metaphor. Journal of Counseling and Development, 76, 243–250.Google Scholar
  50. Mitchell, D. W., & Campbell, J. A. (1972). Creative writing and counseling. Personnel and Guidance Journal, 50, 690–691.Google Scholar
  51. Moos, R., & Hanson, B. (1974). Group Environment Scale Form B. Palo Alto: Consulting Psychologist Press.Google Scholar
  52. Moos, R. (1986). Group Environment Scale Manual. Palo Alto: Consulting Psychologist Press.Google Scholar
  53. National Association for Poetry Therapy (1993). Membership brochure. Port Washington, NY.Google Scholar
  54. Piercy, M. (1988). Circles on the water. New York: Alfred A. Knopf.Google Scholar
  55. Piercy, M. (1999). Early grrrl. Wellfleet, Mass.: The Leapfrog Press.Google Scholar
  56. Rolfs, A. M., & Super, S. I. (1988). Guiding the unconscious: The process of poem selection for poetry therapy groups. The Arts in Psychotherapy, 15, 119–126.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  57. Ross, D. L. (1977). Poetry therapy versus traditional supportive therapy: A comparison of group process. Dissertation Abstracts Internatonal, 38(3), 1417B.Google Scholar
  58. Rossiter, C., Brown, R., & Gladding, S. (1990). A new criterion for selecting poems for use in poetry therapy. Journal of Poetry Therapy, 4, 5–11.Google Scholar
  59. Schrank, F. A., & Engles, D. W. (1981). Bibliotherapy as a counseling adjunct. Personnel and Guidance Journal, 60, 143–147.Google Scholar
  60. Schloss, G. A. (1976). Psychopoetry: A new approach to self-awareness through poetry therapy. New York: Grosset & Dunlap.Google Scholar
  61. Sewell, M., Ed. (1991). Cries of the spirit. Boston: Beacon Press.Google Scholar
  62. Talbott-Green, M. (1988). A comparative study of feminist group psychotherapy and poetry therapy as an adjunctive treatment to increase self-actualization. Dissertation Abstracts International, 49(08), 3425B.Google Scholar
  63. Toro, P., & Rappaport, J. (1985). Social climate comparison of mutual help and psychotherapy groups. Paper presented at the annual convention of the American Psychological Association, Los Angeles, Ca.Google Scholar
  64. Wenz, K., & McWhirter, J. J. (1990). Enhancing the group experience: Creative writing exercises. Journal for Specialists in Group Work, 15, 37–42.Google Scholar
  65. Wilcox, M. R. (1980). Variables affecting group mental health consultation for teachers. Professional Psychology, 11, 728–732.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  66. Williams, M. B. (1991). Verbalizing silent screams: The use of poetry to identify the belief systems of adult survivors of childhood sexual abuse. Journal of Poetry Therapy, 5, 5–20.Google Scholar
  67. Yalom, I. D. (1995). The theory and practice of group psychotherapy (4th ed.). New York: Basic Books.Google Scholar
  68. Yochim, K. (1994). The collaborative poem and inpatient group therapy: An inpatient report. The Journal of Poetry Therapy, 7, 145–149.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Human Sciences Press, Inc. 2000

Authors and Affiliations

  • Karina M. Golden
    • 1
  1. 1.Bowie State University inBowie

Personalised recommendations