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Water, Air and Soil Pollution: Focus

, Volume 2, Issue 5–6, pp 555–571 | Cite as

A Wind Tunnel Investigation of the Influence of Solar-Induced Wall-Heating on the Flow Regime within a Simulated Urban Street Canyon

  • A. Kovar-Panskus
  • L. Moulinneuf
  • E. SavoryEmail author
  • A. Abdelqari
  • J.-F. Sini
  • J.-M. Rosant
  • A. Robins
  • N. Toy
Article

Abstract

A wind tunnel study has been undertaken to assess theinfluence of solar-induced wall heating on the airflowpattern within a street canyon under low-speed windconditions. This flow is normally dominated by large-scalevortical motion, such that the wind moves downwards at thedownstream wall. In the present work the aim has been toexamine whether the buoyancy forces generated at this wallby solar-induced heating are of sufficient strength tooppose the downward inertial forces and, thereby, changethe canyon flow pattern. Such changes will also influencethe dispersion of pollutants within the street. In theexperiments the windward-facing wall of a canyon has beenuniformly heated to simulate the effect of solar radiation.Four different test cases, representing different degreesof buoyancy (defined by a test Froude number, Fr), havebeen examined using a simple, 2-D, square-section canyonmodel in a wind tunnel. For reference purposes, the neutralcase (no wall heating), has also been studied. The approachflow boundary layer conditions have been well defined, withthe wind normal to the main canyon axis, and measurementshave been taken of canyon wall and air temperatures andprofiles of mean velocities and turbulence intensities.Analysis of the results shows clear differences in the flowpatterns. As Fr decreases from the neutral case there arereductions of up to 50% in the magnitudes of the reverseflow velocities near the ground and in the upward motionnear the upstream wall. A marked transition occurs at Fr ≈ 1, where the single dominant vortex, existing at higher Fr values, weakens and moves upwards whilst a lower region of relatively stagnant flow appears. This transition hadpreviously been observed in numerical model predictions butat a Fr at least an order of magnitude higher.

buoyancy cavity flow Froude number streetcanyon thermal effects 

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Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic Publishers 2002

Authors and Affiliations

  • A. Kovar-Panskus
    • 1
  • L. Moulinneuf
    • 2
  • E. Savory
    • 3
    Email author
  • A. Abdelqari
    • 2
  • J.-F. Sini
    • 2
  • J.-M. Rosant
    • 2
  • A. Robins
    • 1
  • N. Toy
    • 1
  1. 1.Fluids Research Centre, School of EngineeringUniversity of SurreyGuildford, SurreyU.K
  2. 2.Ecole Centrale de Nantes, Laboratoire de Mécanique des FluidesNantes, Cedex 3France
  3. 3.Department of Mechanical and Materials Engineering, Faculty of EngineeringUniversity of Western OntarioLondonCanada

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