Advertisement

Boundary-Layer Meteorology

, Volume 106, Issue 3, pp 593–600 | Cite as

A Note on a Parameterization of the Sea Drag

  • V. K. Makin
Article

Abstract

A new parameterization of the sea drag is based on a wind-over-wavescoupling theory. The parameterization accounts for the wind speed, wave ageand finite depth dependencies of the sea drag. The latter two are introducedthrough the integral parameters of the wind-wave field: the dominant waveheight and the wavenumber at the spectral peak, and the water depth. Theparameterization is checked against the wind-over-waves model results andtwo field datasets obtained in a wide range of the wind speed and wave age.The comparison is encouraging. The parameterization is aimed for use inoperational ocean-state and atmosphere models.

Air–sea interaction Parameterization Sea drag Wind-over-waves coupling Wind waves 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Banner, M. L., Babanin, A. V., and Young, I. R.: 2000, 'Breaking Probability for Dominant Waves on the Sea Surface', J. Phys. Oceanog. 30, 3145–3160.Google Scholar
  2. Charnock, H.: 1955, 'Wind Stress on a Water Surface', Quart. J. Roy. Meteorol. Soc. 81, 639–640.Google Scholar
  3. Donelan, M. A.: 1990, 'Air-Sea Interaction', The Sea: Ocean Engineering Science 9, 239–292.Google Scholar
  4. Donelan, M. A., Dobson, F.W., Smith, S. D., and Anderson, R. J.: 1993, 'On the Dependence of Sea Surface Roughness on Wave Development', J. Phys. Oceanog. 23, 2143–2149.Google Scholar
  5. Donelan, M. A., Drennan, W. M., and Katsaros, K. B.: 1997, 'The Air-Sea Momentum Flux in Conditions of Wind Sea and Swell', J. Phys. Oceanog. 27, 2087–2099.Google Scholar
  6. Drennan, W. M., Graber, H. C., and Donelan, M. A.: 1999, 'Evidence for the Effects of Swell and Unsteady Winds on Marine Wind Stress', J. Phys. Oceanog. 29, 1853–1864.Google Scholar
  7. Janssen, J. A. M.: 1997, 'Does Wind Stress Depend on Sea-State or Not?-A Statistical Error Analysis of HEXMAX Data', Boundary-Layer Meteorol. 83, 479–503.Google Scholar
  8. Johnson, H. K., Højstrup, J., Vested, H. J., and Larsen, S. E.: 1998, 'On the Dependence of Sea Surface Roughness on Wind Waves', J. Phys. Oceanog. 28, 1702–1716.Google Scholar
  9. Kudryavtsev, V. N. and Makin, V. K.: 2001, 'The Impact of Air-Flow Separation on the Drag of the Sea Surface', Boundary-Layer Meteorol. 98, 155–171.Google Scholar
  10. Kudryavtsev, V. N., Makin, V. K., and Chapron, B.: 1999, 'Coupled Sea Surface-Atmosphere Model 2. Spectrum of Short Wind Waves', J. Geophys. Res. 104, 7625–7639.Google Scholar
  11. Makin, V. K. and Kudryavtsev, V. N.: 1999, 'Coupled Sea Surface-Atmosphere Model 1. Wind over Waves Coupling', J. Geophys. Res. 104, 7613–7623.Google Scholar
  12. Makin, V. K. and Kudryavtsev, V. N.: 2002, 'Impact of Dominant Waves on Sea Drag', Boundary-Layer Meteorol. 103, 83–99.Google Scholar
  13. Makin V. K., Kudryavtsev, V. N., and Mastenbroek, C: 1995, 'Drag of the Sea Surface', Boundary-Layer Meteorol. 79, 159–182.Google Scholar
  14. Yelland, M. and Taylor, P. K.: 1996, 'Wind Stress Measurements from the Open Ocean', J. Phys. Oceanog. 26, 541–558.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic Publishers 2003

Authors and Affiliations

  • V. K. Makin
    • 1
  1. 1.Royal Netherlands Meteorological Institute (KNMI)De BiltThe Netherlands

Personalised recommendations