Journal of Bioenergetics and Biomembranes

, Volume 34, Issue 5, pp 397–406 | Cite as

Impaired Cardiac Mitochondrial Membrane Potential and Respiration in Copper-Deficient Rats

  • Xiulian Chen
  • Dianne B. Jennings
  • Denis M. MedeirosEmail author


Cardiac mitochondrial respiration, ATP synthase activity, and membrane potential and intactness were evaluated in copper-deficient rats. In the presence of NADH, both copper-deficient and copper-adequate mitochondria had very low oxygen consumption rates, indicating membrane intactness. However copper-deficient mitochondria had significantly lower oxygen consumption rates with NADH than did copper-adequate mitochondria. Copper-deficient mitochondria had significantly lower membrane potential than did copper-adequate mitochondria using fluorescent dyes. Copper-deficient mitochondria had significantly lower state 3 oxygen consumption rates and were less sensitive to inhibition by oligomycin, an ATP synthase inhibitor. Copper-deficient and copper-adequate mitochondria responded similiarly to CCCP. No difference was observed in mitochondrial ATPase activity between copper-deficient and copper-adequate rats using submitochondrial particles. We conclude that cardiac mitochondrial respiration is compromised in copper-deficient rats, and may be related to an altered ATP synthase complex and/or a decreased mitochondrial membrane potential.

Copper deficiency mitochondria ATP synthase oligomycin membrane potential heart 


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Copyright information

© Plenum Publishing Corporation 2002

Authors and Affiliations

  • Xiulian Chen
    • 1
  • Dianne B. Jennings
    • 1
  • Denis M. Medeiros
    • 1
    Email author
  1. 1.Department of Human NutritionKansas State UniversityManhattan

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