Genetic Resources and Crop Evolution

, Volume 49, Issue 6, pp 557–564

Evaluation of Ethiopian chickpea landraces for tolerance to drought

  • Yadeta Anbessa
  • Geletu Bejiga
Article

Abstract

Ethiopia is a secondary center of diversity for chickpea.It is possible that these germplasm lines have developed certain degrees ofadaptation to drought during many centuries of cultivation on residual soilmoisture. We, therefore, evaluated 482 genotypes of chickpea collected fromdifferent regions of Ethiopia for their tolerance to drought at Alem Tena, adrought-prone site. Differences were observed among genotypes in their reactionsto drought and 18 tolerant genotypes were identified based on drought responseindex (DRI). These were in the top 10% yielding genotypes under drought stress.The drought susceptible check ‘Mariye’ gave grain yields of only 348kg/ha. Two of the drought tolerant genotypes ‘ACC41235’ and ‘ACC 209025’ were further evaluated in pots alongwith ‘Mariye’ under stressed and nonstressed moisture regimes.Unlike ‘Mariye’ the two test genotypes had relatively smallerindividual leaf area, which was further reduced under low moisture stresstreatment. On the other hand, dry root weight, root volume and rooting depthdecreased significantly under low moisture stress only for‘Mariye’. It appears that reduced water loss from the plant andextensive extraction of soil moisture are factors involved in the adaptation ofEthiopian chickpeas to drought conditions. The combined effect of the twofactors enables the plant to maintain high water status.

Chickpea Drought-tolerance Ethiopia Evaluation Landraces 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Ashraf M. and Karim F. 1991. Screening of some cultiars / lines of black gram (Vigna mungo L. Hepper) for resistance to water stress. Trop. Agri. (Trinidad) 68: 57–62.Google Scholar
  2. Bejiga G. and Eshete M. 1996. Chickpea in Ethiopia. In: Saxena N.P., Saxena M.C., Johansen C., Virmani S.M. and Harris H. (eds), Adaptation of Chickpea in theWest Asia and North Africa Region. ICRISAT/ICARDA, Aleppo, Syria, pp. 137–153.Google Scholar
  3. Bejiga G. and Anbessa Y. 1994. Breeding chickpea for resistance to drought International Symposium on Pulses Research (abstract), April 2-6. New Delhi, India, pp. 145–146.Google Scholar
  4. Berry J.A 1975. Adaptation of photosynthetic process to stress. Science 188: 664–680.Google Scholar
  5. Bidinger F.R., Mahalakshmi V. and Rao G.D.P. 1987. Assessment of drought resistance in pearl millet (Pennisetum americanum (L.) Leeke). I. Factors affecting yields under stress. Aust. J. Agric. Res. 38: 37–48.Google Scholar
  6. Blum A. 1980. Breeding programs for improving crop resistance to water stress. In: Raper C.D. and Kramer P.J. (eds), Crop Reactions to Water and Temperature Stresses in Humid and Temperate Climates. West View Press, Boulder, Colorado, pp. 263–275.Google Scholar
  7. Blum A. and Arkin G.F. 1984. Sorghum root growth and water use as affected by water supply and growth duration. Field Crops Res. 9: 131–143.Google Scholar
  8. Blum A., Golan G., Mayer J., Simmena B., Shiler L. and Burra J. 1989. The drought response of landraces of wheat from the northern Negev desert in Israel. Euphytica 43: 87–96.Google Scholar
  9. Dhoble M.V., Kale U.V. and Khatting E.A. 1987. Leaf water potential of chickpea varieties. J. of Maharashtra Agric. Univ. 12: 403–404.Google Scholar
  10. Federer W.T. 1956. Augmented (or hoonuiku) designs. Hawaii Planters Records 55: 191–208.Google Scholar
  11. Hsiao T.C. and Acevedo E. 1974. Plant responses to water deficits, water-use efficiency and drought resistance. Agric. Meteorol. 14: 59–84.Google Scholar
  12. Johansen C., Krishnamurthy L., Saxena N.P. and Sethi S.C. 1994. Genotypic variation in moisture response of chickpea grown under line-source sprinklers in a semi-arid tropical environment. Field Crops Res. 37: 13–112.Google Scholar
  13. Pundir R.P.S. and Mengesha H.M. 1983. Collection of chickpea in Ethiopia. Inter. Chickpea Newsletter 8: 6–7.Google Scholar
  14. Rosielle A.A. and Hamblin J. 1981. Theoretical aspects of selection for yield in stress and non-stress environments. Crop Sci. 21: 943–946.Google Scholar
  15. Saxena N.P. 1987. Screening for adaptation to drought. Case studies with chickpea and pigeonpea. In: Adapation of Chickpea and Pigeonpea to Abiotic Stresses. Proceedings of the Consultants' Workshop. ICRISAT, Patancheru, India, pp. 63–76.Google Scholar
  16. Saxena N.P., Krishnamurthy L. and Johansen C. 1993. Registration of a drought resistant chickpea germplasm. Crop Sci. 33: 1424.Google Scholar
  17. Silim S.N. and Saxena M.C. 1993. Adaptation of spring-sown chickpea to the Mediterranean basin. 2. Factors influencing yield under drought. Field Crops Res. 34: 137–146.Google Scholar
  18. Taddesse D., Telaye A. and Bejiga G. 1994. Genetic resources in Ethiopia. In: Telaye A., Bejiga G., Saxena M.C. and Solh M.B. (eds), Cool-Season Food Legumes of Ethiopia. Proceedings of the First National Cool-Season Food Legumes Review Conference. ICARDA/IAR, Aleppo, Syria, pp. 79–96.Google Scholar
  19. Webb P.J. and von Braun Y. 1992. Famine in Ethiopia: Policy Implication of Coping Failure at National and Household Levels, Research Report 92. International Food Policy Research Institute, Washington D.C., USA.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic Publishers 2002

Authors and Affiliations

  • Yadeta Anbessa
    • 1
  • Geletu Bejiga
    • 1
  1. 1.Debre Zeit Agricultural Research CenterDebre ZeitEthiopia

Personalised recommendations