Population Research and Policy Review

, Volume 21, Issue 5, pp 403–431

The effect of female migration on infant and child survival in Uganda

  • Robert Ssengonzi
  • Gordon F. De Jong
  • C. Shannon Stokes

DOI: 10.1023/A:1021164416703

Cite this article as:
Ssengonzi, R., De Jong, G.F. & Shannon Stokes, C. Population Research and Policy Review (2002) 21: 403. doi:10.1023/A:1021164416703


This article uses data from the 1996 Uganda Demographic and Health Survey to examine whether migration of women improves the survival chances of their children to age five. We expand on prior research by testing not only the hypothesized positive effect of rural-urban migration, but also the effects of other migration stream behaviours on child survival. Results show that up to 10% of children die before age five and within-group differences in mortality exist among urban and rural children depending on their mother's migration status. Only urban-urban migration was significantly related to child survival, compared to rural non-migrants, after controlling for other factors, although other streams of migration (rural-urban, urban-rural, rural-rural) were positively related to child survival. Generally, migration explains a small component of the variance in child survival. Several other factors, including parents' education, household size, household headship, mother's age at birth, duration of breastfeeding, and place of delivery have a significant predictive power on child survival.

Child health demography migration mortality 

Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic Publishers 2002

Authors and Affiliations

  • Robert Ssengonzi
    • 1
  • Gordon F. De Jong
    • 2
  • C. Shannon Stokes
    • 3
  1. 1.Center for International DevelopmentResearch Triangle InstituteUSA
  2. 2.Population Research InstituteThe Pennsylvania State UniversityUSA
  3. 3.Population Research InstituteThe Pennsylvania State UniversityUSA

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