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Quality and Quantity

, Volume 36, Issue 4, pp 325–345 | Cite as

Nonresponse Bias and Stimulus Effects in the Dutch National Election Study

  • Robert J. J. Voogt
  • Hetty Van Kempen
Article

Abstract

Bias is a much-debated issue in survey research. Answer effects (respondents claim to have behaved differently than they did in reality), nonresponse bias (nonrespondents differ on important variables from the respondents) and stimulus effects (by participating in a previous wave of a study, respondents change their behavior or attitude) can seriously distort the results of survey research. By using data from the 1998 Dutch National Election Study the authors show that the results of election research can indeed be affected by bias. Not only are significant effects found in the distribution of political attitude and voting behavior variables as a result of both nonresponse bias and stimulus effects, it is also shown that relations between variables change as a result of bias.

election research Hawthorne-effect nonresponse bias stimulus effects 

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Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic Publishers 2002

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.ASCOR/University Of AmsterdamAmsterdamThe Netherlands
  2. 2.ASCOR/University Of AmsterdamAmsterdamThe Netherlands

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