Advertisement

Population and Environment

, Volume 24, Issue 2, pp 215–218 | Cite as

Skin Color and Intelligence in African Americans: A Reply to Hill

  • Richard LynnEmail author
Article

Abstract

Hill's theory that the positive association between light skin color and intelligence among African Americans can be explained as a result of discrimination by whites against darker skinned blacks is implausible. There is no direct evidence for this theory. If it were true, dark skinned blacks should earn less than light skinned blacks as a result of greater discrimination against them. The NORC data show that this is not the case. Hill's analysis is an example of the Sociologists' Fallacy that consists of treating correlates as causes.

race intelligence skin color 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

REFERENCES

  1. Bouchard, T.J. (1993). The Genetic Architecture of Human Intelligence. In P.A. Vernon (Ed.), Biological Approaches to the Study of Human Intelligence (pp. 33-94). Norwood, NJ: Ablex.Google Scholar
  2. Glass, B. (1955). On the unlikelihood of significant admixture of genes from the North American Indians in the present composition of the Negroes in the United States. American Journal of Human Genetics, 7 368-385.Google Scholar
  3. Jensen, A.R. (1977). Cumulative deficit in IQ of blacks in the rural south. Developmental Psychology, 13, 184-191.Google Scholar
  4. Jensen, A.R. (1998). The g Factor. Westport, CT: Praeger.Google Scholar
  5. Lynn, R. (1997). The geography of intelligence. In H. Nyborg & J. Gray (Eds.), The Scientific Study of Human Nature (pp. 259-281). New York: Elsevier.Google Scholar
  6. Montagu, M.F.A. (1945). Intelligence of northern Negroes and southern whites in the First World War. American Journal of Psychology, 58, 161-188.Google Scholar
  7. Parra, E. J., Marcini, A. & Akey, J. (1998). Estimating African American admixture proportions by use of population specific alleles. American Journal of Human Genetics, 63 1839-1851.Google Scholar
  8. Reed, T. E. (1969). Caucasian genes in American Negroes. Science, 165, 762-768.Google Scholar
  9. Rowe, D.C. (1994). The Limits of Family Influence: Genes, Experience and Behavior. New York: Guilford.Google Scholar
  10. Rowe, D.C. (1997). A place at the policy table? Behavior genetics and estimates of family environmental effects on IQ. Intelligence, 24 133-158.Google Scholar
  11. Workman, P. L. (1968). Gene flow and the search for natural selection in man. Human Biology, 40, 260-279Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Human Sciences Press, Inc. 2002

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.University of UlsterColeraineNorthern Ireland

Personalised recommendations