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Euphytica

, Volume 128, Issue 1, pp 27–34 | Cite as

Increasing embryogenesis and doubling efficiency by immediate colchicine treatment of isolated microspores in spring Brassica napus

  • W.J. Zhou
  • P. Hagberg
  • G.X. Tang
Article

Abstract

The effect of colchicine on induction of embryogenesis andchromosome doubling during microspore culture was evaluated in twoF1 hybrids of spring oilseed rape (Brassica napus L.). Immediatecolchicine treatment of isolated microspores with the concentrations 50 and500 mg/L for 15 h stimulated embryogenesis and produced largeamounts of healthy-looking embryos. These normal embryos germinatedwell at 24 °C after being transferred to solid regeneration mediumand an initial period of low temperature (2 °C) for 10 days, andcould directly and rapidly regenerate vigorous plants. A high doublingefficiency of 83–91% was obtained from 500 mg/L colchicinetreatment for 15 h with low frequency of polyploid and chimeric plants.The present experiment showed that a treatment duration of 30 h revealedless positive effects on embryogenesis and doubling efficiency, especially athigher colchicine concentration (1000 mg/L). Poor embryogenesis andembryo germination were observed from ordinary microspore culturewithout change of induction medium and colchicine treatment, and severalsubcultures were required for induction of secondary embryogenesis andplant regeneration.

Brassica napus L. colchicine treatment doubled haploid embryogenesis microspore culture 

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Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic Publishers 2002

Authors and Affiliations

  • W.J. Zhou
    • 1
  • P. Hagberg
    • 2
  • G.X. Tang
    • 1
  1. 1.College of Agriculture and BiotechnologyZhejiang UniversityHangzhouChina
  2. 2.Nilsson-Ehle LaboratorySvalof Weibull ABSvalovSweden

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