Journal of Risk and Uncertainty

, Volume 25, Issue 2, pp 185–201

Stretching the Truth: Elastic Justification and Motivated Communication of Uncertain Information


DOI: 10.1023/A:1020647814263

Cite this article as:
Schweitzer, M.E. & Hsee, C.K. Journal of Risk and Uncertainty (2002) 25: 185. doi:10.1023/A:1020647814263


Although both cognitive and motivational factors can influence the communication of uncertain information, most of the work investigating the communication of uncertainty has focused on cognitive factors. In this article, we demonstrate that motivational factors influence the communication of private, uncertain information and we describe the relationship between elasticity (i.e. uncertainty and vagueness) and motivated communication. We report results from four experiments that demonstrate that motivated communication is not purely opportunistic. The values people report are constrained by the elasticity of private information even when the costs and benefits of misrepresenting information are held constant. Perceptions of justifiability mediate the relationship between elasticity and motivated communication, and we explain our results in terms of the self-justification process.

communicating uncertainty motivated communication deception elastic-justification 


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Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic Publishers 2002

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.566 Jm HH, OPIM, Wharton School, University of PennsylvaniaPhiladelphiaUSA
  2. 2.Graduate School of BusinessUniversity of ChicagoUSA

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