Enthalpies of dilution of mono-, di- and poly-alcohols in dilute aqueous solutions at 298.15 K
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The enthalpies of dilution of aqueous solutions of methanol, ethanol, l-propanol, 2-propanol, 1-butanol, l-pentanol, 1-hexanol, cyclohexanol, 1,3-butanediol, 1,4-butanediol, 2,3-butanediol and poly-alcohol(cyclohexaamylose) have been determined at high dilution as a function of the mole fraction of alcohol at 298.15 K, by a rocking twin-microcalorimeter of the heat-conduction type.
A smoothing equation of the enthalpies of dilution against the mole fractions of alcohols are given. The graphical comparison of experimental results with their smoothed values or literature ones, taking into account the dependence of the mole fractions, are also presented.
It has been found for the aqueous solutions of shorter n-alcohols than hexanol that at very high dilution, exothermic values of molar enthalpies of dilution from a definite mole fraction of alcohols to infinite dilution with the change of mole fraction is proportional to carbon number of n-alcohols. The molar enthalpies of infinite dilution of aqueous butanediol isomers and 1-hexanol were very large. Molar enthalpies of infinite dilution of aqueous poly-alcohol (cyclohexaamylose) were endothermic.
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