Antonie van Leeuwenhoek

, Volume 81, Issue 1–4, pp 373–383 | Cite as

Microbe–plant interactions: principles and mechanisms

  • Ben J.J. Lugtenberg
  • Thomas F.C. Chin-A-Woeng
  • Guido V. Bloemberg


The present status of research on the molecular basis of microbe–plant interactions is discussed. Principles and mechanisms which play a role in the interactions of microbial pathogens, biofertilizers, phytostimulators, rhizoremediators and biocontrol agents with the plants are treated. Special emphasis is given to colonization, phase variation, two-component systems, quorum sensing, complex regulation of the syntheses of extracellular enzymes and secondary metabolites, Type 4 pili and Type III and Type IV secretion systems.

anti-fungal metabolites biofertilizers biopesticides colonization genomics induced systemic resistance pathogens phase variation phytostimulators quorum sensing recognition regulation rhizoremediators two-component systems Type 4 pili Type III secretion systems Type IV secretion systems 


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© Kluwer Academic Publishers 2002

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ben J.J. Lugtenberg
    • 1
  • Thomas F.C. Chin-A-Woeng
    • 1
  • Guido V. Bloemberg
    • 1
  1. 1.Institute of Molecular Plant Sciences, Clusius LaboratoryLeiden UniversityLeidenThe Netherlands

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