Breast Cancer Research and Treatment

, Volume 76, Issue 2, pp 111–116 | Cite as

Breast Cancer in Women with Human Immunodeficiency Virus Infection: Implications for Diagnosis and Therapy

  • Basil F. El-Rayes
  • Kambeez Berenji
  • Paula Schuman
  • Philip A. Philip
Article

Abstract

The rising incidence of the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection in women and the prolonged survival increases the risk of development of breast cancer in this population. Through December 2001, 38 cases of breast cancer, two occurring in men, have been reported in persons infected with HIV. Between 1995 and 2001, five HIV infected premenopausal women presented with breast cancer to the Karmanos Cancer Institute. Three patients presented 3–5 years after the diagnosis of HIV infection. One patient presented with stage IV breast cancer, three with stage III, and one with stage II disease. Chemotherapy-induced myelosuppression was pronounced in all patients. Two patients had progression of HIV on treatment manifested by a rise in HIV-I RNA or development of opportunistic infections. In general, the outcome of breast cancer in our small series of patients was worse than in a non-HIV population. HIV infection may influence the natural history and treatment of breast cancer.

acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) breast cancer chemotherapy human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) 

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Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic Publishers 2002

Authors and Affiliations

  • Basil F. El-Rayes
    • 1
  • Kambeez Berenji
    • 2
  • Paula Schuman
    • 2
  • Philip A. Philip
    • 1
  1. 1.Karmanos Cancer InstituteWayne State UniversityDetroitUSA
  2. 2.Division of Infectious DiseasesWayne State UniversityDetroitUSA

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