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Journal of Chemical Ecology

, Volume 28, Issue 9, pp 1865–1870 | Cite as

Volatile Components in Defensive Spray of the Hooded Skunk, Mephitis macroura

  • William F. Wood
  • Brian G. Sollers
  • Gwen A. Dragoo
  • Jerry W. Dragoo
Article

Abstract

GC-MS analysis of the anal sac secretion from the hooded skunk, Mephitis macroura, showed the following seven major components comprised 99% of the volatiles in this secretion: (E)-2-butene-1-thiol, 3-methyl-1-butanethiol, S-(E)-2-butenyl thioacetate, S-3-methylbutenyl thioacetate, 2-phenylethanethiol, 2-methylquinoline, and 2-quinolinemethanethiol. Minor volatile components identified in this secretion are phenylmethanethiol, S-phenylmethyl thioacetate, S-2-phenylethyl thioacetate, bis[(E)-2-butenyl] disulfide, (E)-2-butenyl 3-methylbutyl disulfide, bis(3-methylbutyl) disulfide, and S-2-quinolinemethyl thioacetate. This secretion is similar to that of the striped skunk, Mephitis mephitis, differing only in that it contains four compounds not reported from the striped skunk: phenylmethanethiol, S-phenylmethyl thioacetate, 2-phenylethanethiol, and S-2-phenylethyl thioacetate.

Mephitidae Mephitis macroura hooded skunk anal sac secretion (E)-2-butene-1-thiol 3-methyl-1-butanethiol S-(E)-2-butenyl thioacetate S-3-methylbutenyl thioacetate 2-phenylethanethiol 2-methylquinoline 2-quin-olinemethanethiol 

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Copyright information

© Plenum Publishing Corporation 2002

Authors and Affiliations

  • William F. Wood
    • 1
  • Brian G. Sollers
    • 1
  • Gwen A. Dragoo
    • 2
  • Jerry W. Dragoo
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of ChemistryHumboldt State UniversityArcataUSA
  2. 2.Albuquerque Biological ParkAlbuquerqueUSA
  3. 3.Department of BiologyUniversity of New MexicoAlbuquerqueUSA

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