Journal of Medical Systems

, Volume 23, Issue 3, pp 175–181

Secondary Data Bases and Their Use in Outcomes Research: A Review of the Area Resource File and the Healthcare Cost and Utilization Project

  • Andrea Erickson Best
Article

Abstract

Secondary data sources are being used more frequently than ever in outcomes research. The speed and relative low cost of these data bases makes them ideal for analyzing outcomes. Today's researcher has numerous secondary data bases available for use. Few publications exist to help researchers locate the ideal data set for their needs. Herein, two national secondary data bases are reviewed: the Area Resource File (ARF) and the Healthcare Cost and Utilization Project (HCUP). These two data sets represent the two types of secondary data: aggregate and individual. ARF represents an aggregate data set and HCUP represents an individual data set. The advantages of each type of secondary data will also be reviewed.

secondary data sources area resource file healthcare cost and utilization project outcomes research health services research 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

REFERENCES

  1. 1.
    Kelsey, J.L., Thompson, W.D., and Evans, A.S., Sources of Routinely Collected Data on Disease Occurrence. In Methods in Observational Epidemiology, Oxford University Press, New York, 1996, pp. 45–85.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Compendium of Selected Public Health Data Sources—A Working Document, Agency for Health Care Policy and Research. Contract No. 282-91-0083, Walcoff and Associates, Fall 1996.Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Mullner, R.M., Byre, C.S., and Killingsworth, C.L., An Inventory of U.S. Health Care Data Bases, 1976–1983, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. Public Health Service, Health Resources and Services Administration, Contract No. HRSA 82-273. May 1984.Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Area Resource File, Department of Health and Human Services, Office of Research Planning, The Workforce Analysis and Research Branch, Washington, D.C. 20201.Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Healthcare Cost and Utilization Project, Department of Health and Human Services, Agency for Health Care Policy and Research, Rockville, MD.Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Quality Resource Systems, 11350 Random Hills Road. Suite 100 Fairfax, VA 22030.Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Politzer, R.M., Cultice, J.M., and Meltzer, A.J., Geographic distribution of physicians in the U.S. and contribution of International Medical Graduates. Med. Care Res. Rev. 55(1):116–130, March 1998.Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Ginsburg, P., The PWJF Community Snapshot Study: Introduction and overview. Health Affairs 7–20, 1996.Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Duke, K.S., Hospitals in a changing health care system. Health Affairs 49–61, Summer 1996.Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Blumenthal, D., and Meyer, G.S., Academic centers in a changing environment. Health Affairs 200–215, Summer 1996.Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Doyle, R., Where the doctors aren't. Scientific American 31, October 1998.Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    National Hospital Discharge Survey, National Center for Health Statistics, Hyattsville, MD.Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Olfson, M., Marcus, S., Sackheim, H.A., Thompson, J., and Pincus, H.A., Use of ECT for the inpatient treatment of recurrent major depression. Am. J. Psychiatry 155(1):22–29, January 1998.Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    Maxwell, J.G., Tyler, B.A., Rutledge, R., Brinker, C.C., Maxwell, B.G., and Covington, D.I., Cholecystectomy in patients aged 80 and older. Am. J. Surg. 176(6):627–631, December 1998.Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    Maynard, C., Chapko, M.K., Every, N.R., Martin, D.C., and Ritchie, J.L., Coronary angioplasty outcomes in the Healthcare Cost and Utilization Project, 1993–1994. Am. J. Cardiol. 81(7):848–852, April 1998.Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    Rentz, A.M., Halpern, M.T., and Bowder, R., The impact of candidemia on length of hospital stay, outcome, and overall cost of illness. Clin. Infect. Dis. 27(4):781–788, October 1998.Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    Zhao, S.Z., Wong, J.M., Davis, M.B., Gersh, G.E., and Johnson, K.E., The cost of inpatient endometriosis treatment: an analysis based on the Healthcare Cost and Utilization Project Nationwide Inpatient Sample. Am. J. Manag. Care 4(8), August 1998.Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    Meurer, J.R., Kuhn, E.M., George, V., Yauck, J.S., and Layde, P.M., Charges for childhood asthma by hospital characteristics. Pediatrics 102(6):e70, December 1998.Google Scholar
  19. 19.
    Niederman, M.S., McCombs, J.S., Unger, A.N., Kumar, A., and Popovian, R., The cost of treating community acquired pneumonia. Clin. Ther. 20(4):820–837, July/August 1998.Google Scholar
  20. 20.
    Wong, H., The impact of physician payments on hospital-insurer bargaining in the U.S. and In (J. Cohen, Chinitz eds.), Governments and Health Systems, John Wiley and Sons, England.Google Scholar
  21. 21.
    Wong, H., Market structure and the role of consumer information in the physician services industry: an empirical test. J. Health Econ. 15:1139–1160, 1996.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Plenum Publishing Corporation 1999

Authors and Affiliations

  • Andrea Erickson Best
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Family MedicineLoyola University Stritch School of MedicineMaywood

Personalised recommendations