Experiments on rat diaphragm muscles showed that glutamate (10 μM – 1 mM) had no effect on the mean frequency, interspike intervals, and amplitude-time characteristics of miniature endplate potentials, but had a suppressive action on non-quantum secretion (the intensity of which was assessed in terms of the H effect). The effect of glutamate was markedly concentration-dependent and was completely overcome by blockade of NMDA receptors, inhibition of NO synthase, and by binding of NO molecules in the extracellular space by hemoglobin. It is suggested that glutamate can modulate the non-quantum release of acetylcholine, initiating the synthesis of NO molecules in muscle fibers via activation of NMDA receptors followed by the retrograde action of NO on nerve terminals.
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Malomuzh, A.I., Mukhtarov, M.R., Urazaev, A.K. et al. The Effects of Glutamate on Spontaneous Acetylcholine Secretion Processes in the Rat Neuromuscular Synapse. Neurosci Behav Physiol 32, 577–582 (2002). https://doi.org/10.1023/A:1020497308865
- neuromuscular synapse
- quantum secretion
- non-quantum secretion
- nitric oxide