Systematic Parasitology

, Volume 53, Issue 2, pp 81–99

A catalogue of described genera and species of microsporidians parasitic in fish

  • Jiří Lom


A complete list of microsporidians parasitic in fish is presented; in each species, the host(s), site of infection and the known geographical distribution is given. Species of a total of 14 genera can be found in fish hosts. These genera do not occur in other hosts and include 80 named species plus 29 records only designated as `sp.' The collective group Microsporidium includes 15 species plus 30 records only designated as `sp.' Described species with incorrect generic assigment number seven species and there are six hyperparasitic species infecting other fish parasites. Thus the total number of microsporidians which may be encountered in fish is 108 named and 59 innominate species.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. Agapova, A.L. (1966) [Parasites of fish of Kazakhstan reservoirs.] Alma-Ata: Nauka, 342 pp. (In Russian.)Google Scholar
  2. Akhmerov, A.K. (1951) Some data on the parasites of Alaska pollock. Izvestia Tikhookeanskogo nauchno-issledovatelskogo Instituta Rybnogo Khozyaistva i Okeanografii, 30, 99–104. (In Russian.)Google Scholar
  3. Amigó, J.M., Salvadó, H., Gracia, M.P. & Vivarès, C.P. (1996) Ultrastructure and development of Microsporidium ovoideum (Thélohan, 1895) Sprague, 1977, a microsporidian parasite of the red band fish (Cepola macrophthalma L.). European Journal of Protistology, 32, 532–538.Google Scholar
  4. Arias, C., Estévez, J., Lores, B., Sanmartín, M.L. & Leiro, J. (1999) Discovery of Loma dimorpha Loubes, Maurant, Gasc, De Buron & Barral 1984, in a new host, the shanny, Lipophrys pholis (L.) from the north-west coast of Spain. Journal of Fish Diseases, 22, 155–159.Google Scholar
  5. Arthur, J.R., Margolis, L., Whitaker, D.J. & McDonald, T.E. (1982) A quantitative study of economically important parasites of walley pollock (Theragra chalcogramma) from British Columbian waters and effects of postmortem handling on their abundance in the musculature. Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Science, 39, 710–726.Google Scholar
  6. Auerbach, M. (1910) Zwei neue Cnidosporidien aus cyprinoiden Fischen. Zoologischer Anzeiger, 36, 440–441.Google Scholar
  7. Awakura, T. (1974) Studies on the microsporidian infections in salmonid fishes. Scientific Reports of the Hokkaido Fish Hatchery, 29, 1–96.Google Scholar
  8. Awakura, T., Kurahashi, S. & Matsumoto, H. (1966) Studies on the Plistophora disease of salmonid fish. II. Occurrence of the microsporidian disease in a new district. Scientific Reports of the Hokkaido Fish Hatchery, 21, 1–12.Google Scholar
  9. Azevedo, C. & Matos E. (2001) Fine structure of a new species, Loma myrophis (Phylum Microsporidia), parasite of the Amazonian fish Myrophis platyrhynchus (Teleostei, Ophichthidae). European Journal of Protistology, 37, 445–452.Google Scholar
  10. Bazikalova, A. (1932) Additions to parasitology of Murmansk fishes. Sbornik Nauchno-promyshlennykh rabot Murmanskogo CNIRC, pp. 136–153, (In Russian.)Google Scholar
  11. Bell, A.S., Aoki, T. & Yokoyama H. (2001) Phylogenetic relationships among microsporidia based on rDNA sequences data, with particular reference to fish-infecting Microsporidium Balbiani, 1884 species. Journal of Eukaryotic Microbiology, 48, 258–265.Google Scholar
  12. Bekhti, M. (1984) Etude comparative des espèces des microsporidies parasites des poissons téléostéens du littoral languedocien. Rapport D.E.A., Université des Sciences et Techniques du Languedoc, Montpellier, 32 pp.Google Scholar
  13. Bekhti, M., & Bouix, G. (1985) Loma salmonae (Putz, Hoffman and Dunbar, 1965) et Loma diplodae n. sp., microsporidies parasites des branchies des poissons téléostéens: implantation et données ultrastructurales. Protistologica, 21, 47–59.Google Scholar
  14. Berrebi, P. & Bouix, G. (1978) Premières observations sur une microsporidiose de l'athérine des étangs languedociens, Atherina boyeri Risso, 1910 (poissons Téléostéen). Annales de Parasitologie Humaine et Comparée, 53, 1–20.Google Scholar
  15. Blasiola, G.C. Jr (1979) Glugea heraldi n.sp. (Microsporida, Glugeidae) from seahorse Hippocampus erectus Perry. Journal of Fish Diseases, 2, 493–500.Google Scholar
  16. Bogdanova, E.A. (1961) The parasite fauna of some commercial fish of the Volga river before the Volgograd dam construction. Trudy Sovietskoi Ikhtyologicheskoi Komisii AN SSSR, 11, 169–177. (In Russian.)Google Scholar
  17. Bond, F.F. (1937) A microsporidian infection of Fundulus heteroclitus (Linn.). Journal of Parasitology, 23, 229–230.Google Scholar
  18. Bond, F.F. (1938) Cnidosporidia from Fundulus heteroclitus (Linn.). Transactions of the American Microscopical Society, 57, 107–122.Google Scholar
  19. Bosanquet, W.C. (1910) Brief notes on two myxosporidian organisms (Plistophora hippoglosoideos n. sp. and Myxidium mackiei n.sp.). Zoologischer Anzeiger, 35, 434–438.Google Scholar
  20. Brocklebank, J.R., Speare, D.J. & Kent, M.L. (1995) Microsporidian encephalitis of farmed Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar)in British Columbia. Canadian Veterinary Journal, 36, 631–633Google Scholar
  21. Canning, E.U. & Lom, J., with contribution by Dyková, I. (1986) The microsporidia of vertebrates. London: Academic Press, 289 pp.Google Scholar
  22. Canning, E.U. & Nicholas, J.P. (1980) Genus Pleistophora (Phylum Microspora): redescription of the type species, Pleistophora typicalis Gurley, 1893 and ultrastructural characterisation of the genus. Journal of Fish Diseases, 3, 317–338.Google Scholar
  23. Caullery, M. (1953) Appendice aux sporozoaires class des Haplosporidies. In: Grassé, P.P. (Ed.) Traité de Zoologie. Paris: Masson et Cie, 1(2), pp. 922–934Google Scholar
  24. Caullery, M. & Mesnil, P. (1905) Sur les haplosporidies parasites de poissons marins. Comptes Rendus de la Societé de Biologie de Paris, 58, 640–642.Google Scholar
  25. Cépède, C. (1906) Sur une microsporidie nouvelle, Pleistophora macrospora, parasite des loches frances du Dauphiné. Comptes Rendus de l'Académie des Sciences, Paris, 142, 56–58.Google Scholar
  26. Cépède, C. (1924) Mrazekia piscicola n. sp. microsporidie parasite du Merlan (Gadus merlangus). Bulletin de la Société Zoologique de France, 49, 109–113.Google Scholar
  27. Chatton, E. & Courrier, R. (1923) Formation d'un complex xénoparasitaire géant avec bordure en brosse, sous l'influence d'une microsporidie, dans le testicule de Cottus bubalis. Comptes Rendus de la Societé de Biologie de Paris, 89, 579–583.Google Scholar
  28. Chen C.L. (1956) The protozoan parasites from four species of Chinese pond fishes: Ctenopharyngodon idellus, Mylopharyngodon piceus, Aristichthys nobilis and Hypophthalmichthys molithrix II. The protozoan parasites of Mylopharyngodon piceus. Acta Hydrobiologica Sinica, 1, 19–42. (In Chinese).Google Scholar
  29. Chen C.L. & Hsieh S. (1960) Studies on sporozoa from the freshwater fishes Ophiocephalus maculatus and O. argus of China. Acta Hydrobiologica Sinica, 2, 171–196. (In Chinese.)Google Scholar
  30. Cheney, S.A., Lafranchi-Tristem, N.J., Bourges, D. & Canning, E.U. (2001) Relationships of microsporidian genera, with emphasis on the polysporous genera, revealed by sequences of the largest subunit of RNA polymerase II (RPB1). Journal of Eukaryotic Microbiology, 48, 111–117.Google Scholar
  31. Chilmonczyk, S., Cox, W.T. & Hedrick, R.P. (1991) Enterocytozoon salmonis n.sp.: an intranuclear microsporidian from salmonid fish. Journal of Protozoology, 38, 264–269.Google Scholar
  32. Coste, F. & Bouix, G. (1998) Heterosporis cichlidarum n.sp. (Microspora), a parasite of the ornamental cichlid fish Hemichromis bimaculatus Gill, 1862. Bulletin of the European Association of Fish Pathologists, 18, 157–161.Google Scholar
  33. Crandall, T. & Bowser, P.R. (1981) A microsporidian infection in the mosquitofish, Gambusia affinis. Journal of Fish Diseases, 4, 317–324.Google Scholar
  34. Diamant, A. & Paperna, I. (1985) The development and ultra-structure of Nosema ceratomyxae sp. nov., a microsporidian hyperparasite of the myxosporean Ceratomyxa sp. from Red Sea Rabbitfish (Siganidae). Protistologica, 21, 249–258.Google Scholar
  35. Delphy, M.J. (1916) Scoliose abdominale chez le Mugil auratus Risso et présence d'une myxosporidie parasite de ce poisson. Comptes Rendus de l'Académie des Sciences, Paris, 163, 71–73.Google Scholar
  36. Docker, M.F., Kent, M.L., Hervio, D.M.L., Khattra, J.S., Weiss, L.M., Cali, A. & Devlin, R.H. (1996) Ribosomal DNA sequence of Nucleospora salmonis Hedrick, Groff and Baxa, 1991 (Microsporea: Enterocytozoonidae): implications for phylogeny and nomenclature. Journal of Eukaryotic Microbiology, 44, 55–60.Google Scholar
  37. Doflein, F. (1898) Studien zur Naturgeschichte der Protozoen III. Über Myxosporidien. Zoologische Jahrbücher, Abteilung Anatomie, 11, 281–350.Google Scholar
  38. Doflein, F. & Reichenow, E. (1927-1929) Lehrbuch der Protozoenkunde. Jena: G. Fischer, 1,262 pp.Google Scholar
  39. Dogiel, V.A. & Bykhowsky, B. E. (1939) Parasites of fishes of Caspian Sea. Trudy po Kompletnom Izuchenii Kaspiiskogo Morya, 7, 30 pp. (In Russian.)Google Scholar
  40. Drew, G.H. (1909) Some notes on parasitic and other diseases of fish. Parasitology, 2, 193–201.Google Scholar
  41. Drew, G.H. (1910) Some notes on parasitic and other diseases of fish, 2nd series. Parasitology, 3, 54–62.Google Scholar
  42. Egusa, S., Hatai,K. & Fujimako, Y. (1988) Notes on Microsporidium species, the etiological agent of ‘Beko’ disease in Red Sea Bream juveniles, Pagrus major. Fish Pathology, 23, 263–267.Google Scholar
  43. Fantham, H.B., Porter, A. & Richardson, L.R. (1941) Some microsporidia found in certain fishes and insects in eastern Canada. Parasitology, 33, 186–208.Google Scholar
  44. Faye, A. (1992) Microsporidies des poissons des côtes sénégalaises: faunistique, biologie, ultrastructure. Thesis, Université Montpellier II, Sciences et Techniques du Languedoc, 241 pp.Google Scholar
  45. Faye, A., Toguebaye, B.S. & Bouix, G. (1990) Ultrastructure and development of Pleistophora senegalensis sp. nov. from the gilt-head sea bream, Sparus aurata L. (Teleost, Sparidae) from the coast of Senegal. Journal of Fish Diseases, 3, 179–192.Google Scholar
  46. Faye, N., Toguebaye, B.S. & Bouix, G. (1991) Microfilum lutjani n.g. n.sp. (Protozoa Microsporida), a gill parasite of the golden African snapper Lutjanus fulgens (Valenciennes, 1830) (Teleost Lutjanidae): developmental cycle and ultrastructure. Journal of Protozoology, 38, 30–40.Google Scholar
  47. Faye, N., Toguebaye, B.S. & Bouix, G. (1994) Nosemoides syacii n. sp., a microsporidian parasite of the West African turbot Syacium micrurum Ranzani, 1840. Systematic Parasitology, 29, 43–50.Google Scholar
  48. Faye, N., Toguebaye, B.S. & Bouix G (1995) On the cytology and development of Loma boopsi sp. n. (Microspora, Glugeidae), parasite of Boops boops (Pisces, Teleostei, Sparidae) from the coasts of Senegal. Archiv für Protistenkunde, 146, 85–93.Google Scholar
  49. Faye, N., Toguebaye, S. & Bouix, G. (1996) Ultrastructure and development of Neonosemoides tilapiae (Sakiti and Bouix, 1987) n. g., n. comb. (Protozoa, Microspora) from African cichlid fish. European Journal of Protistology, 32, 320–326.Google Scholar
  50. Fomena, A., Coste, F. & Bouix, G. (1992) Loma camerounensis sp. nov. (Protozoa: microsporida) a parasite of Oreochromis niloticus Linnaeus, 1757 (Teleostei: Cichlidae) in fish-rearing ponds in Melen, Yaoundé, Cameroon. Parasitology Research, 78, 201–208.Google Scholar
  51. Gaevskaya, A.V. & Kovaleva, A.A. (1975) Diseases of commercial fishes in the Atlantic Ocean. Kaliningrad: Kalininskoe Knizhnoe Izdatelstvo, 124 pp. (In Russian.)Google Scholar
  52. Garner, M.M., Miller-Morgan, TJ., Brown, S.R., Reimschuessel, R., Poynton, S.L., Baldwin, TJ. & Olson, R.E. (1998) Microsporidiosis in leopard sharks. In: Kane, A.S., Poynton, S.L. (Eds) Proceedings of the Third International Symposium on Aquatic Animal Health, August 30-September 3, 1998, Baltimore, Maryland, USA, p. 145.Google Scholar
  53. Gasimagomedov, A.A. & Issi, I.V. (1970) Microsporidian parasites of fishes of the Caspian Sea. Zoologicheskyi Zhurnal, 49, 1117–1125. (In Russian.)Google Scholar
  54. Gurley, R.R. (1893) Classification of the Myxosporidia, a group of protozoan parasites infecting fishes. Bulletin of the U.S. Fisheries Commission for 1892, 26, 65–203.Google Scholar
  55. Hagenmüller, M. (1989) Sur une nouvelle Myxosporidie, Nosema Stephani, parasite du Flesus passer Moreau. Comptes Rendus de l'Académie des Sciences, Paris, 129, 836–839.Google Scholar
  56. He X. (1982) A study on the pleistophorasis of Priacanthus tayenus, with the description of a new species. Journal of Fisheries of China, 6, 97–105. (In Chinese.)Google Scholar
  57. Hedrick, R.P., Groff, J.M. & Baxa, D.V. (1991) Experimental infections with Nucleospora salmonis n.g., n.sp.: an intranuclear microsporidium from chinook salmon (Oncorhynchus tshawytscha). Diseases of Aquatic Organisms, 10, 103–108.Google Scholar
  58. Herman, R.I. & Putz, R.E. (1970) A microsporidian (Protozoa: Cnidospora) in channel catfish (Ictalurus punctatus). Journal of Wildlife Diseases, 6, 173.Google Scholar
  59. Hoshina, T. (1951) On a new microsporidian, Plistophora anguillarum n.sp. from the muscle of the eel, Anguilla japonica. Journal of the Tokyo University of Fisheries, 38, 35–46.Google Scholar
  60. Hua Ding-ke & Dong Hun-ji (1983) A new species of Pleistophora from big-eyes, Priacanthus tayenus Richardson and P. macrocanthus Cuvier & Valenciennes from the South China Sea. Journal of Fish Diseases, 6, 293–301. (In Chinese.)Google Scholar
  61. Issi, I.V. & Voronin, V.N. (1984) Phylum Microsporidia Balbiani, 1882. In: Shulman, S.S. (Ed.) [Parasitic Protozoa.] In: Bauer, O.N. (Ed.) [Key to parasites of freshwater fishes of the USSR.] Vol. 1. [Keys to the fauna of the USSR.] Leningrad: Nauka, 140, 73–87. (In Russian)Google Scholar
  62. Jakowska, S. (1966) Infections with neurotropic microsporidian in South American Lophius. Transactions of American Microscopical Society, 85, 161–162.Google Scholar
  63. Jensen, H.M. & Wellings,S.R. (1972) Development of the polar filament-polaroplast complex in a microsporidian parasite. Journal of Protozoology, 19, 297–305.Google Scholar
  64. Jensen, L.A., Moser, M. & Heckmann, R.A. (1979) The parasites of the Californian lizardfish, Synodus lucioceps. Proceedings of the Helminthological Society of Washington, 46, 281–284.Google Scholar
  65. Jírovec, O. (1930) Über eine neue Mikrosporidienart (Glugea acerinae n. sp.) aus Acerina cernua. Archiv für Protistenkunde, 72, 198–213.Google Scholar
  66. Jírovec, O. (1934) Octosporea machari n.sp.,aus der Leber von Dentex vulgaris. Zoologischer Anzeiger, 106, 61–64.Google Scholar
  67. Johnston, T.R. & Bancroft, N.J. (1919) Some protozoan parasites of Queensland freshwater fish. Journal of the Royal Society of New South Wales, 52, 520–528.Google Scholar
  68. Jones, J.B. (1979) Trouble with microsporidia. Proceedings of the Annual Meeting of the New Zealand Society for Parasitology, Wellington, 1979. New Zealand Journal of Zoology, 6, 684.Google Scholar
  69. Kalavati, C. & Lakschminarayana, D. (1982) A new microsporidian Nosema valamugili from the gut epithelium of an estuarine fish Valamugil sp. Acta Protozoologica, 21, 251–256.Google Scholar
  70. Kazieva, N.Sh. & Voronin, V.N. (1981) Glugea rodei sp.n. (Protozoa, Microsporidia) from the bitterling (Rhodeus sericeus amarus) connective tissue. Zoologicheskyi Zhurnal, 60, 1254–1256. (In Russian.)Google Scholar
  71. Kent, M.L., Docker, M., Khattra, J., Vossbrinck, C.R., Speare, D.J. & Devlin, R.H. (1999) A new Microsporidium sp. (Microsporidia) from the musculature of the mountain whitefish Prosopium williamsoni from British Columbia: morphology and phylogeny. Journal of Parasitology, 85, 1114–1119.Google Scholar
  72. Kent, M.L., Shaw, R.W., Dawe, S.C., Higgins M.J., Brown, A.M.V. & Adamson, M.L. (1998) Loma spp. infection in fishes from British Columbia, Canada. In: Kane, A.S. & Poynton, S.L. (Eds) Proceedings of the Third International Symposium on Aquatic Animal Health, August 30-September 3, 1998, Baltimore, Maryland, USA, p. 181.Google Scholar
  73. Kinkelin, P. de (1980) Occurrence of a microsporidian infection in zebra danio, Brachydanio rerio (Hamilton-Buchanan). Journal of Fish Diseases, 3, 71–73.Google Scholar
  74. Kudo, R.R. (1939) Observations on Nosema notabilis n.sp. parasitic in a myxosporidian. Anatomical Record (Supplement), 75, 153.Google Scholar
  75. Labbé, A. (1899) Sporozoa. In: Bütschli, O. (Ed.) Das Tierreich. Berlin: Friedlander, 5, 180 pp.Google Scholar
  76. Larsson, J.I.R. (1986) Ultrastructure, function and classification of microsporidia. In: Corliss, J.O. & Patterson, D.J. (Eds) Progress in Protistology. Bristol: Biopress, Vol. 1. pp. 325–390.Google Scholar
  77. Le Danois, E. (1910) Sur une tumeur à microsporidies chez un Crénilabre. Bulletin de la Société de Médecine, Rennes, 19, 210–211.Google Scholar
  78. Léger, L. (1905) Deux nouvelles myxosporidies parasites des poissons d'eau douce. Bulletin et Mémoires de l'Association Française pour l'Avancement des Sciences, 9, 330.Google Scholar
  79. Leiro, J., Bos, J., Peris, D., Estevez, J., Santamarina, M.T. & Sanmartin, M.L. (1994) Infection of black goby (Gobius niger L.) from the northwest coast of Spain by Loma dimorpha (Protozoa: Microspora). Research Reviews in Parasitology, 54, 217–223.Google Scholar
  80. Leiro, J., Ortega, M., Iglesias, R., Estevez, J. & Sanmartin, M.L. (1996) Pleistophora finisterrensis n. sp., a microsporidian parasite of blue whiting Micromesistius poutassou. Systematic Parasitology, 34, 163–170.Google Scholar
  81. Leiro, J., Paramá, A., Ortega, M., Santamarina, M.T. & Sanmartin, M.L. (1999) Redescription of Glugea caulleryi, a microsporidian parasite of the greater sand eel, Hyperoplus lanceolatus (Le Sauvage), (Teleostei: Ammodytidae), as Microgemma caulleryi comb. nov. Journal of Fish Diseases, 22, 101–110.Google Scholar
  82. Lom, J. (1972) On the structure of the extruded microsporidian polar filament. Zeitschrift für Parasitenkunde, 38, 200–213.Google Scholar
  83. Lom, J. & Dyková, I. (2002) Ultrastructure of Nucleospora secunda n.sp. (Microsporidia), parasite of enterocytes of Nothobranchius rubripinnis. European Journal of Protistology, 38, 19–27.Google Scholar
  84. Lom, J., Dyková, I., Körting, W. & Klinger, H. (1989) Heterosporis schuberti n.sp., a new microsporidian parasite of aquarium fish. European Journal of Protistology, 25, 129–135.Google Scholar
  85. Lom, J., Dyková, I. & Shaharom, F. (1990) Microsporidim arthuri n.sp., parasite of Pangasius sutchi (Pangasiidae, Siluroidea) in South-East Asia. Diseases of Aquatic Organisms, 8, 65–67.Google Scholar
  86. Lom, J., Dyková, I. & Tonguthai, K. (1999) Kabataia gen. n., a new genus proposed for Microsporidium spp. infecting trunk muscles of fishes. Diseases of Aquatic Organisms, 38, 39–46.Google Scholar
  87. Lom, J., Dyková, I. & Tonguthai, K. (2000) Kabatana gen n., new name for the microsporidian genus Kabataia Lom, Dyková et Tonguthai, 1999. Folia Parasitologica, 47, 78.Google Scholar
  88. Lom, J., Dyková, I., Tonguthai, K. & Chinabut, S. (1993) Muscle infection due to Heterosporis sp. in the Siamese fighting fish, Betta splendens Regan. Journal of Fish Diseases, 16, 513–516Google Scholar
  89. Lom, J., Dyková, I., Wang, C.H., Lo, C.F. & Kou, G.H. (2000) Ultrastructural justification of the transfer of Pleistophora anguillarum Hoshina, 1959 to the genus Heterosporis Schubert, 1969. Diseases of Aquatic Organisms, 43, 225–231.Google Scholar
  90. Lom, J., Gaevskaya, A.V. & Dyková, I. (1980) Two microsporidian parasites found in marine fishes in the Atlantic Ocean. Folia Parasitologica, 27, 197–202.Google Scholar
  91. Lom, J. & Laird, M. (1976) Parasitic protozoa from marine and euryhaline fish of Newfoundland and New Brunswick II. Microsporidia. Transactions of the American Microscopical Society, 95, 569–580.Google Scholar
  92. Lom, J., Nilsen, F. & Urawa, S. (2001) Redescription of Microsporidium takedai (Awakura, 1974) as Kabatana takedai (Awakura, 1974) comb.n. Diseases of Aquatic Organisms, 44, 223–230.Google Scholar
  93. Lom, J., Noga E.J. & Dyková, I. (1995) Occurrence of a microsporean with characteristics of Glugea anomala in ornamental fish of the family Cyprinodontidae. Diseases of Aquatic Organisms, 21, 239–242.Google Scholar
  94. Lom, J. & Pekkarinen, M. (1999) Ultrastructural observations on Loma acerinae (Jírovec, 1930) comb. nov. (Phylum Microsporidia). Acta Protozoologica, 38, 61–74.Google Scholar
  95. Lom, J. & Weiser, J. (1969) Notes on two microsporidian species from Silurus glanis and on the systematic status of the genus Glugea Thélohan. Folia Parasitologica, 16, 193–200.Google Scholar
  96. Lopukhina, A.M. & Strelkov, Yu. A. (1972) Ecological analysis of the commercial fauna of commercial fish of the Verkhneye Vervo Lake. Izvestia GOSNIORKH, 80, 5–25 (In Russian).Google Scholar
  97. Loubès, C., Maurand, J. & de Buron, I. (1988) Premières observations sur deux microsporidies hyperparasites d'acanthocephales de poissons marins et lagunaires. Parasitology Research, 74, 344–351.Google Scholar
  98. Loubès, C., Maurand, J. & Walzer, C. (1981) Dévelopment d'une microsporidie Glugea truttae n. sp. dans le sac vitellin de l'alevin de la truite Salmo faria trutta L.: étude ultrastructurale. Protistologica, 17, 177–184.Google Scholar
  99. Loubès, C, Maurand, J., Gasc, C., de Buron, I. & Barral, J. (1984) Étude ultrastructurale de Loma dimorpha n. sp., microsporidie parasite de poissons Gobiidae languedociens. Protistologica, 20, 579–589.Google Scholar
  100. Lutz, A. & Splendore, A. (1903) Über Pébrine und verwandte Mikrosporidien. Ein Beitrag zur Kenntniss der brasilianischen Sporozoen. Zentralblatt für Bakteriologie, Parasitologie, Infektionskrankheiten und Hygiene, Abt. I., Orig., 33, 150–157.Google Scholar
  101. Maíllo, P.A., Amigó, J.M., Baena, R., Salvadó, H. & Gracia, M.P. (1998) Tetramicra brevifilum (Matthews & Matthews, 1980) (Microsporida: Tetramicridae) in a new fish host, Lophius budegassa (Spinola, 1807) in Spain. Parasitological Research, 84, 208–212.Google Scholar
  102. Majeed S.K., Douglas, M. & Jolly, D.W. (1985) A microsporidian infection in sheepshead minnow (Cyprinodon variegatus). Journal of Small Animal Practice, 26, 91–96.Google Scholar
  103. Marchant, E. H. & Schiffman, S. (1946) The occurence of a microsporidian in a new host. Canadian Fish Culturist, 1, 18–21.Google Scholar
  104. Mathieu-Daude, F., Faye, A., Coste, F., Manier, J-F., Marques, A. & Bouix, G. (1992) Occurrence of a microsporidiosis in marine cultured gilt-head sea bream from the Languedoc coast: a problem of specificity in the genus Glugea. Bulletin of the European Association of Fish Parasitologists, 12, 67–70Google Scholar
  105. Matthews, J.L., Brown, A.M.V., Larison, K., Bishop-Stewart, J.K. & Kent, M.L. (2001) Pseudoloma neurophilia, n. g., n. sp., a new microsporidium from the central nervous system of the zebrafish. Journal of Eukaryotic Microbiology, 48, 227–233.Google Scholar
  106. Mathieu-Daude, F., Faye, A., Coste, F., Manier, J.F., Marques, A. & Bouix, G. (1992) Occurrence of microsporidiosis in marine culture gilt-head bream from the Languedoc coast: a problem of specificity in the genus Glugea (Protozoa, Microspora). Bulletin of the European Association of Fish Pathology, 12, 67–70.Google Scholar
  107. Maurand, J., Loubès, C., Gasc, C., Pelletier, J. & Barral, J. (1988) Pleistophora mirandellae Vaney & Conte, 1901, a microsporidian parasite of cyprinid fish of rivers in Hérault: taxonomy and histopathology. Journal of Fish Diseases, 11, 251–258.Google Scholar
  108. Miki, S. & Awakura, T. (1977) The fine stucture of Glugea takedai, Awakura, 1974 (Microsporidia, Nosematiae). Scientific Reports of the Hokkaido Fish Hatchery, 32, 1–19. (In Japanese.)Google Scholar
  109. Modin, S.F. (1981) Microsporidium rhabdophilia n. sp. from rodlet cells of salmonid fishes. Journal of Fish Diseases, 4, 203–211.Google Scholar
  110. Moniez, R. (1887) Observations pour la revision des microsporidies. Comptes Rendus de l'Académie des Sciences, Paris, 104, 1312–1314.Google Scholar
  111. Morrison, C.M. & Sprague, V. (1981) Electron microscope study of a new genus and new species of microsporidia in the gills of Atlantic cod Gadus morhua L. Journal of Fish Diseases, 4, 15–32.Google Scholar
  112. Morrison, C.M. & Sprague, V. (1983) Loma salmonae (Putz, Hoffman & Dunbar, 1965) in the rainbow trout, Salmo gairdneri Richardson, and L. fontinalis sp. nov. (Microsporidia) in the brook trout, Salvelinus fontinalis (Mitchill). Journal of Fish Diseases, 6, 345–349.Google Scholar
  113. Morrison, C.M., Hoffman, G.L. & Sprague, V. (1985) Glugea pimephales (Fantham & al., 1941) n. comb. (Microsporidia, Glugeidae) in the fathead minnow Pimephales promelas. Canadian Journal of Zoology, 53, 380–391.Google Scholar
  114. Mullins, J.E, Powell, M., Speare, D.J. & Cawthorn, R. (1994) An intranuclear protozoon in lumpfish Cyclopterus lumpus. Diseases of Aquatic Organisms, 20, 7–13.Google Scholar
  115. Munday, B.L., Su, X.Q. & Harshbarger, J.C. (1998) A survey of product defects in Tasmanian Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar).Aquaculture, 169: 297–302.Google Scholar
  116. Naidenova, N.N. (1974) [Parasite fauna of fishes of the family Gobiidae of the Black and Azov Seas.] Kiev: ‘Naukova Dumka’, 182 pp. (In Russian.)Google Scholar
  117. Narasimhamurti, C.C. & Kalavati, C. (1972) Two new species of microsporidian parasites from a marine fish Saurida tumbil. Proceedings of the Indian Academy of Sciences, (B), 4, 165–170.Google Scholar
  118. Narasimhamurti, C.C. & Sonabai, R. (1977) A new microsporidian Pleistophora carangoidi n. sp. from the body muscles of the marine fish, Carangoides malabaricus. Proceedings of the 5th International Congress on Protozoology, New York, p.192.Google Scholar
  119. Negm-Eldin, M.M. (1992) On two new species of Plistophora (Microsporidea) from the Egyptian fishes. Egyptian Journal of Applied Science, 7, 469–478Google Scholar
  120. Nemeczek, A. (1911) Beiträge zur Kenntniss der Myxo-und Microsporidien der Fische. Archiv für Protistenkunde, 22, 144–163.Google Scholar
  121. Nigrelli, R.F. (1946) Parasites and diseases of the ocean pout, Macrozoarces americanus. Bulletin of the Bingham Oceanographic College, Yale University, 9, 187–202.Google Scholar
  122. Nilsen, F. (2000) Small subunit ribosomal DNA phylogeny of microsporidia with particular reference to genera that infect fish. Journal of Parasitology, 86, 128–133.Google Scholar
  123. Nilsen, F., Endresen, C. & Hordvick. I. (1998) Molecular phylogeny of microsporidians with particular reference to species that infect the muscles of fish. Journal of Eukaryotic Microbiology, 45, 535–543.Google Scholar
  124. Nilsen, F., Ness, A. & Nylund, A. (1995) Observations on an intranuclear microsporidian in lymphoblasts in farmed Atlantic halibut larvae (Hippoglossus hippoglossus L.) Journal of Eukaryotic Microbiology, 42, 131–135.Google Scholar
  125. Noble, E.R. & Collard, S.B. (1970) The parasites of midwater fishes. In: Sniezsko. S.F.(Ed.) A symposium on diseases of fishes and shellfishes. Washington: American Fisheries Society Special Publication, 5, 57–68.Google Scholar
  126. Opitz, H. (1942) Mikrosporidienkrankheit Plistophora auch beim Hemmigrammus ocellifer und Brachydanio rerio. Wochenschrift für Aquarien-und Terrarienkunde, 39, 75–77.Google Scholar
  127. Osmanov, S.O. (1971) [Parasites of fishes of Uzbekistan.] Tashkent: FAN, pp. 532. (In Russian.)Google Scholar
  128. Pace, D. (1908) Parasiten und Pseudoparasiten der Nervenzelle. Vorläufige Mitteileungen über vergleichende Parasitologie des Nervensystems. Zeitschrift für Hygiene und Infektionskrankheiten, 60, 62–74.Google Scholar
  129. Pekkarinen, M., Lom, J. & Nilsen, F. (2002) Ovipleistophora gen. n., a new genus for Pleistophora mirandellae-like microsporidians. Diseases of Aquatic Organisms, 48, 133–142.Google Scholar
  130. Pfeifer, A. (1895) Die Protozoen als Krankheitserreger. Nachträge. Jena: Fischer, 122 pp.Google Scholar
  131. Pflugfelder, O. (1952) Die sog. Restkörper der Cyprinodontidae und Cyprinidae als Abwehrreaktionen gegen Mikrosporidienbefall. Zeitschrift für Parasitenkunde, 15, 321–334.Google Scholar
  132. Plehn, M. (1924) Praktikum der Fischkrankheiten. Stuttgart: E. Schweizerbartsche Verlagsbuchhandlung, 179 pp.Google Scholar
  133. Polyansky, Yu.I. (1955) [Additions to parasitology of fishes of northern seas of the U.S.S.R. Parasites of Barents Sea fishes.] Trudy Zoologicheskogo Instituta Akademii Nauk SSSR, 19, 5–170. (In Russian.)Google Scholar
  134. Putz, R.E., Hoffman, G.L. & Dunbar, C.E. (1965) Two new species of Plistophora from North American fish with a synopsis of Microsporidea of freshwater and euryhaline species. Journal of Protozoology, 12, 228–236.Google Scholar
  135. Putz, R.E. & Mc Laughlin, J.J.A. (1970) Biology of Nosematidae (Microsporida) from freshwater and euryhaline fishes. In: Snieszko, S.F. (Ed.) A symposium on diseases of fishes and shellfishes. Washington: American Fisheries Society Spec. Publication, 5, 124–132.Google Scholar
  136. Raabe, H. (1935) Un Microsporidium dans les Lymphocystis chez les plies. Bulletin de l'Institut Océanographique, 665, 1–11.Google Scholar
  137. Ralphs, J.R. & Matthews, R.A. (1986) Hepatic microsporidiosis due to Microgemma hepaticus n. gen., n. sp. in juvenile grey mullet Chelon labrosus. Journal of Fish Diseases, 9, 225–242.Google Scholar
  138. Rašín, K. (1949) Cocconema sulci n.sp. (Microsporidia), cizopasník vajíček jesetera malého (Acipenser ruthenus L.) Věstník Československé Společnosti Zoologické, 13, 295–298.Google Scholar
  139. Reimschuessel, R., Bennett, R.O., May, E.B. & Lipsky, M.M. (1987) Eosinophilic granular cell response to a microsporidian infection in a sergeant major fish, Abudefduf saxatilis (L.). Journal of Fish Diseases, 10, 319–322.Google Scholar
  140. Richert, R. (1958) Über das Auftreten des Erregers der Neonfischkrankheit (Plistophora hyphessobryconis) bei Süsswasserfischen der gemässigten Zone. Mikrokosmos, 47, 327–330.Google Scholar
  141. Roman, E. (1955) Cercetari âsupra parasitofaunei pestilor din Dunâre. Bucharest: Editura Academiei Republici Populare Romine, 119 pp.Google Scholar
  142. Sakiti, A.G. & Bouix, G. (1987) Nosemoides tilapiae n.sp., Microsporidie parasite de poissons Cichlidae des eaux saumâtres du Bénin: implantation et caractères ultrastructuraux. Parasitological Research, 73, 203–212.Google Scholar
  143. Sandeep, B.V. & Kalavati, C. (1985) A new microsporidian, Loma trichiuri n. sp., from the gill of a marine fish, Trichiurus savala Cuv. (Trichiuridae). Indian Journal of Parasitology, 9, 257–259.Google Scholar
  144. Schäperclaus, W. (1941) Eine neue Mikrosporidien-krankheit beim Neonfisch und seinen Verwandten. Wochenschrift für Aquarienund Terrarienkunde, 39/40, 381–384.Google Scholar
  145. Schuberg, A. (1910) Über Mikrosporidien aus dem Hoden der Barbe und durch sie verursachte Hypertrophie der Kerne. Arbeiten des Kaiserlichen Gesundheitsamte, Berlin, 33, 401–434.Google Scholar
  146. Schubert, G. (1969) Ultracytologische Untersuchungen an der Spore der Mikrosporidienart, Heterosporis finki gen. n., sp. n. Zeitschrift für Parasitenkunde, 32, 59–79.Google Scholar
  147. Schwartz, F.J. (1963) A new Ichthyosporidium parasite of the spot Leiostomus xanthurus: a possible answer to recent oyster mortalities. Progressive Fish Culturist, 25, 181–184.Google Scholar
  148. Sene, A., Ba, C.T., Marchand, B. & Toguebaye, B.S. (1997) Ultrastructure of Unikaryion nomimoscolexi n.sp. (Microsporida, Unikaryonidae), a parasite of Nomimoscolex sp. (Cestoda, Proteocephalidea) from the gut of Clarotes laticeps (Pisces, Teleostei, Bagridae). Diseases of Aquatic Organisms, 29, 35–40Google Scholar
  149. Shaw, R.W., Kent, M.L., Docker, M.F., Brown, A.M.V., Devlin, R. H. & Adamson, M.L. (1997) A new species of Loma (Microsporea) in shiner perch (Cymatogaster aggregata). Journal of Parasitology, 83, 296–301.Google Scholar
  150. Shulman, S.S. (1962) [Protozoa.] In: Bykhovskaya-Pavlovskaya, I.E., et al. (Eds) [Key to the parasites of freshwater fish of the U.S.S.R.] Moscow-Leningrad: Academy of Sciences Publishing House, pp. 7–197 (In Russian).Google Scholar
  151. Shulman, S.S. & Shulman-Albova, R.E. (1953) [Parasites of White Sea fishes.] Moscow: Nauka, 199 pp. (In Russian).Google Scholar
  152. Sprague, V. (1977) Annotated list of species of microsporidia. In: Bulla, L.A. & Cheng, T.C. (Eds) Comparative Pathology. 2. Systematics of the Microsporidia. New York and London: Plenum Press, 333 pp.Google Scholar
  153. Sprague, V. & Vernick, S.H. (1968) Light and electron microscope study of a new species of Glugea (Microsporida, Nosematidae) in the 4-spine stickleback, Apeltes quadracus. Journal of Protozoologyy 15, 547–571Google Scholar
  154. Steffens, W. (1956) Weitere Beiträge zur Kenntniss der Plistophora-Krankheit. Aquarien und Terrarien Zeitungg (DATZ), 6, 153–155.Google Scholar
  155. Steffens, W. (1962) Der heutige Stand der Verbreitung von Plistophora hyphessobryconis Schäperclaus, 1941 (Sporozoa, Microsporidia). Zeitschrift für Parasitenkunde, 21, 535–541.Google Scholar
  156. Sterba, G. (1956) Aquarienkunde. II. Leipzig und Jena: Urania-Verlag, 232 pp.Google Scholar
  157. Summerfelt, R.C. (1964) A new microsporidian parasite from the golden shiner, Notemigonus crysoleucas. Transactions of the American Fisheries Society, 93, 6–10.Google Scholar
  158. Summerfelt, C.C. & Ebert, V.W. (1969) Plistophora tahoensis sp. n. (Microsporida, Nosematidae) in the body wall of the piute sculpin (Cottus beldingii) from the Lake Tahoe, California, Nevada. Bulletin of the Widlife Disease Association, 5, 330–341.Google Scholar
  159. Sutherland, D., Marcquenski, S., Marcino, J., Lom, J., Dyková, I., Hsu, H.M., Jahns, W., & Nilsen, F. (2000) Heterosporis sp. (Microspora: Glugeidae): a new parasite from Perca flavescens in Wisconsin and Minnesota. Proceedings of the 62nd Midwest Fish & Wildlife Conference, Minneapolis, MN, December 3-6, 2000.Google Scholar
  160. Swarczewsky, B. (1914) Über den Lebenszyklus einiger Haplosporidien. Archiv für Protistenkunde, 33, 49–108.Google Scholar
  161. Swellengrebel, N.H. (1911) Plistophora gigantea Thélohan, een parasiet van Crenilabrus melops. Verhandelungen Koninklijk Nederland. Akademie de Wetenschap of de Natuurkunde, 20, 238, 243.Google Scholar
  162. Takahashi, S. & Egusa, S. (1977) Studies on Glugea infection of the ayu, Plecoglossus altivelis. I. Description of the Glugea and a proposal of a new species Glugea plecoglossi. Japanese Journal of Fisheries, 11, 175–182 (In Japanese).Google Scholar
  163. Takvorian, P.M. & Cali, A. (1986) The ultrastructure of spores (Protozoa: Microsporida) from Lophius americanus, the angler fish. Journal of Protozoology, 33, 570–575.Google Scholar
  164. Thélohan, P. (1891) Sur deux sporozoaires nouveaux parasites des muscles des poissons. Comptes Rendus de l'Académie des Sciences,Paris, 112, 168–171.Google Scholar
  165. Thélohan, P. (1895) Recherches sur les Myxosporidies. Bulletin Scientifique de la France et Belgique, 26, 100–394.Google Scholar
  166. Toguebaye, B.S., Marchand, B. & Faye, N. (1989) Preliminary observations on a microsporidian parasite of Chloroscombrus chrysurus Linnaeus, 1776 (Teleost fish). Annales de Parasitologie Humaine et Comparée, 64, 157–160.Google Scholar
  167. Tun, T., Yokoyama, H., Ogawa, K. & Wakabayashi, H. (2000) Myxosporeans and their hyperparasitic microsporeans in the intestine of emaciated tiger puffer. Fish Pathology, 35, 145–156.Google Scholar
  168. van den Berghe, L. (1939) Glugea microspora, a new microsporidian species from the liver of the sand-eel, Amnodytes lanceolatus. Journal of Parasitology, 25, (Suppl.) 238.Google Scholar
  169. van den Berghe, L. (1940) Glugea caulleryi nom. n. for Glugea microspora. Journal of Parasitology, 26, 238.Google Scholar
  170. Vaney, C. & Conte, A. (1901) Sur une nouvelle microsporidie, Pleistophora mirandellae, parasite de l'ovarie d'Alburnus mirandella Blanch. Comptes Rendus de l'Académie des Sciences, Paris, 133, 644–646.Google Scholar
  171. Vávra, J. & Sprague, V. (Eds) Biology of the Microsporidia. In: Bulla, L.A. Jr & Cheng, T.C. (Eds) Comparative Pathobiology. Vol. 1. Plenum Press, New York and London, 371 pp.Google Scholar
  172. Voronin, V. N. (1974) Some microsporidians (Microsporidia, Nosematidae) from sticklebacks Pungitius pungitius and Gasterosteus aculeatus of the Finnish Bay. Acta Protozoologica, 13, 211–220. (In Russian.)Google Scholar
  173. Voronin, V. N. (1978) Pleistophora ladogensis sp. n. (Protozoa, Microsporidia) from muscles of Lota lota and Osmerus eperlanus ladogensis. Parazitologyia, 12, 453–455 (In Russian.)Google Scholar
  174. Vyalova, G.P. (1999) Diseases of Sakhalin salmon (Review). Scientific Reports of Hokkaido Fish Experimental Station, 54, 47–51.Google Scholar
  175. Wales, J. & Wolf, H. (1955) Three protozoan diseases of trout in California. California Fish and Game, 41, 183–187.Google Scholar
  176. Walliker, D. (1966) Some protozoan parasites of the roach, Rutilus rutilus. Transactions of the Royal Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene, 60, 13 (abstract).Google Scholar
  177. Weiser, J. (1949) Studies on some parasites of fishes. Parasitology, 39, 164–166.Google Scholar
  178. Weiser, J., Kalavati, C. & Sandeep, B.V. (1981) Glugea nemipteri sp. n. and Nosema bengalis sp. n., two new microsporidia of Nemipterus japonicus in India. Acta Protozoologica, 20, 201–208.Google Scholar
  179. Weissenberg, R. (1911) Über einigen Mikrosporidien aus Fischen (Nosema lophii Doflein, Glugea anomala Moniez, Glugea hertwigi nov. spec.) Sitzungsberichte der Gesellschaft der Naturfreunde, Berlin, 8, 344–357.Google Scholar
  180. Weissenberg, R. (1968) Intracellular development of the microsporidian Glugea anomala Moniez in hypertrophying migratory cells of the fish Gasterosteus aculeatus L., an example of the formation of ‘xenoma tumors’. Journal of Protozoology, 15, 44–57.Google Scholar
  181. Woodcock, H. M. (1904) On Myxosporidia in flat fish. Transaction of the Biological Society, Liverpool, 18, 46–62Google Scholar
  182. Yokoyama, H., Lee, S.J. & Bell, A. (2002) Occurrence of a new microsporidian in the skeletal muscle of the flying fish Cypselurus pinnibarbatus japonicus (Exocoetidae) from Yakushima, Japan. Folia Parasitologica, 49, 9–15.Google Scholar
  183. Zhukov, E.V. (1964) [Parasitofauna of fishes of Chukotka. III. Protozoa of marine and freshwater fishes. General conclusions.] Parazitologicheskyi Sbornik, 22, 224–253. (In Russian.)Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic Publishers 2002

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jiří Lom
    • 1
  1. 1.Institute of ParasitologyAcademy of Sciences of the Czech RepublicČeské BudějoviceCzech Republic

Personalised recommendations