Sex Roles

, Volume 46, Issue 11–12, pp 403–417 | Cite as

The Gendering of Adolescents' Childbearing and Educational Plans: Reciprocal Effects and the Influence of Social Context

  • Kimberly A. Mahaffy
  • Sally K. Ward


We examined the role of gender in relation to adolescents' educational and childbearing plans, the extent to which these plans were interdependent, and the differential effect of gender and social context. The High School and Beyond data were used to estimate a 2-stage least squares model of the reciprocal effect of plans and the influence of social context on plans by gender (N = 6,086). Results indicated that girls expected the timing of childbearing to affect their educational attainment, but boys did not. Educational plans had a greater, positive effect on girls' childbearing plans relative to boys. Family and school contexts also differentially affected girls' and boys' plans. We concluded that gender was important to the development to these adolescents' plans.

gender adolescence education childbearing social context 


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Copyright information

© Plenum Publishing Corporation 2002

Authors and Affiliations

  • Kimberly A. Mahaffy
    • 1
  • Sally K. Ward
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Sociology/AnthropologyMillersville University of PennsylvaniaMillersvillePennsylvania
  2. 2.Department of SociologyUniversity of New HampshireDurham

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