International Journal of Primatology

, Volume 19, Issue 6, pp 1045–1060 | Cite as

Habitat Use and Ranging of Wild Bonobos (Pan paniscus) at Wamba

  • Chie Hashimoto
  • Yasuko Tashiro
  • Daiji Kimura
  • Tomoo Enomoto
  • Ellen J. Ingmanson
  • Gen'ichi Idani
  • Takeshi Furuichi


The relationship between vegetation and ranging patterns of wild bonobos at Wamba, Democratic Republic of the Congo, was examined. Via Landsat data, we distinguished three types of vegetation—dry forest, swamp forest, and disturbed forest—at Wamba. The home ranges of the study groups changed considerably from year to year, due mainly to intergroup relationships. The population density of each group varied between 1.4 and 2.5 individuals per km 2 and was lowest during a period of population increase. Home ranges consisted mainly of dry forest. The bonobos used dry forest more frequently than the other forest types, though they also used swamp and disturbed forest almost every day. The latter types of forest seemed to be important resources for the bonobos, owing to the abundant herbaceous plants that are rich in protein and constantly available. The bonobos tended to use dry forest more frequently in the rainy season than in the relatively dry season, probably because the favored fruits in the dry forest were mostly available in the rainy season. There was no seasonal difference in the size of the daily ranging area.

bonobo Pan paniscus home range habitat use Landsat seasonality 


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Copyright information

© Plenum Publishing Corporation 1998

Authors and Affiliations

  • Chie Hashimoto
    • 1
    • 2
  • Yasuko Tashiro
    • 3
  • Daiji Kimura
    • 4
  • Tomoo Enomoto
    • 5
  • Ellen J. Ingmanson
    • 6
  • Gen'ichi Idani
    • 7
  • Takeshi Furuichi
    • 8
  1. 1.Laboratory of Human Evolution, Faculty of ScienceKyoto UniversitySakyo KyotoJapan
  2. 2.Section of Social Behavior, Primate Research InstituteKyoto University, KanrinInuyama, AichiJapan
  3. 3.Primate Research InstituteKyoto UniversityKyotoJapan
  4. 4.The Center for African Area StudiesKyoto UniversityKyotoJapan
  5. 5.School of MedicineTokai UniversityJapan
  6. 6.Anthropology DepartmentDickinson CollegeCarlisle
  7. 7.Hayashibara Museum of Natural SciencesJapan
  8. 8.Laboratory of BiologyMeiji-Gakuin UniversityJapan

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