Advertisement

Russian Journal of Genetics

, Volume 38, Issue 9, pp 1066–1075 | Cite as

Allozyme Diversity and Genetic Divergence of the Dolly Varden Salvelinus malma Walbaum from the Kuril Islands

  • V. T. Omelchenko
  • E. A. Salmenkova
  • S. V. Shedko
Article

Abstract

Genetic variation was studied in the southern subspecies of the Asian Dolly Varden Salvelinus malma krascheninnikovi from the Kuril Islands. Thirty-six genetic loci controlling 19 enzyme systems were analyzed in 13 Dolly Varden populations from the Shumshu, Paramushir, Onekotan, Rasshua, Simushir, Urup, Iturup, and Kunashir islands. In the studied populations, the proportion of polymorphic loci was 35 to 85% and the mean heterozygosity was 0.104 to 0.173; populations from the Kunashir Island were characterized by maximum heterozygosity. In the island populations examined, significant interpopulation heterogeneity of allele frequencies was found for all studied population pairs. For the all island populations, the interpopulation diversity (GST = 0.188) was comparable to this parameter for the populations from the Kunashir Island only (GST = 0.170). Genetic distances between populations did not correlate with the corresponding geographical distances, which indicates the lack of a pronounced gene exchange between the island populations. Cluster analysis and multidimensional scaling based on genetic distances did not reveal clear groups among the studied populations but indicated greater similarity within the Iturup–Simushir–Urup–Paramushir group and a greater genetic divergence of the Kunashir, Onekotan, Rasshua, and especially Shumshu populations. In the Shumshu population, allele frequencies indicate the admixture of genes of the northern Dolly Varden. The observed pattern of genetic differentiation was probably caused largely by genetic drift under the conditions of a limited gene flow because of homing (which is typical of the Dolly Varden) and the presence of isolated nonanadromous populations. The population–genetic analysis of the Dolly Varden from the Kuril Islands does not give grounds to distinguish any other isolated char species in this region than S. malma, which is represented by the southern form S. m. krascheninnikovi with an admixture of the northern form S. m. malma in the Shumshu Island.

Keywords

Genetic Distance Kuril Island Island Population Allozyme Diversity Population Pair 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

REFERENCES

  1. 1.
    Reshetnikov, Yu.S., Bogutskaya, N.G., Vasil'eva, E.D., et al., A List of Freshwater Pisciformes and Fish of Russia, Vopr. Ikhtiol., 1997, vol. 37, no. 6, pp. 723-771.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Cavender, T.M. and Kimura, S., Cytotaxonomy and Interrelationships of Pacific-Basin Salvelinus, Physiol. Ecol. Jpn. 1989, vol. 1, pp. 49-68.Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Phillips, R.B., Pleyte, K.A., and Ihssen, P.E., Patterns of Chromosomal Nuclear Organizer Region (NOR) Variation in Fishes of the Genus Salvelinus, Copeia, 1989, no. 1, pp. 47-53.Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Gharrett, A.J., Goto, A., and Yamazaki, F., A Note on the Genetic Contrast of Sympatric Dolly Varden (Salvelinus malma) and Arctic Charr (S. alpinus) in the Karluk River System, Alaska, Report of Oversea Work Supported by Grantin-Aid for Overseas Sci. Serv. Ministr. Educat. Sci. Cult., Japan Yamazaki, F., Ed., 1991, pp. 37-48.Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Crane, P.A., Seeb, L.W., and Seeb, J.E., Genetic Relationships among Salvelinus Species Inferred from Allozyme Data, Can. J. Fish. Aquat. Sci., 1994, vol. 51, suppl. 1, pp. 182-197.Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Omel'chenko, V.T., Politov, D.V., Salmenkova, E.A., et al., Genetic Differentiation of Sympatric Chars of the Genus Salvelinus from the River Yama, Genetika (Moscow), 1996, vol. 32, no. 11, pp. 1562-1568.Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Reist, J.D., Johnson, J.D., and Carmichael, T.J., Variation and Specific Identity of the Chars from Northwestern Arctic, Canada and Alaska, Am. Fish. Soc. Symp. 1997, vol. 19, pp. 250-261.Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Frolov, S.V., Frolova, V.N., and Molodichenko, A.V., The Karyotype of Dolly Varden Salvelinus malma and the Taxonomic Status of Northern and Southern Dolly Varden, Biol. Morya, 1997, no. 5, pp. 309-313.Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Glubokovsky, M.K., Evolyutsionnaya biologiya lososevykh ryb (Evolutionary Biology of Salmonids), Moscow: Nauka, 1995.Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Gritsenko, O.F., Savvaitova, K.A., Gruzdeva, M.A., and Kuzishchin, K.V., On the Taxonomic Status of Charr of the Genus Salvelinus from the Northern Kuril Islands, Vopr. Ikhtiol. 1998, vol. 38, no. 2, pp. 189-198.Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Omel'chenko, V.T., Salmenkova, E.A., Malinina, T.V., and Frolov, S.V., Genetic Differentiation of Sympatric Populations of Char of the Genus Salvelinus from the Lake Achchen (the Chukotka Peninsula), Genetika (Moscow), 1998, vol. 34, no. 3, pp. 399-405.Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Omel'chenko, V.T., Nikiforov, S.N., and Malinina, T.V., Allozyme Variation and Genetic Differentiation of the Dolly Varden (Salvelinus malma Walbaum) Population from Southeastern Sakhalin, Genetika (Moscow), 1998, vol. 34, no. 12, pp. 1655-1660.Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Osinov, A.G. and Pavlov, S.D., Allozyme Variation and Genetic Divergence of Arctic Char and Dolly Varden Populations (Salvelinus alpinus-S. malma Complex), Vopr. Ikhtiol., 1998, vol. 38, no. 1, pp. 47-61.Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    Salmenkova, E.A. and Omel'chenko, V.T., The Population Genetic Structure of Dolly Varden Salvelinus malma Walbaum from the Southeastern Sakhalin and the Southern Kuril Islands, Genetika (Moscow), 2000, vol. 36, no. 8, pp. 1100-1110.Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    Salmenkova, E.A., Omelchenko, V.T., Kolesnikov, A.A., and Malinina, T.V., Genetic Differentiation of Charrs in the Russian North and Far East, J. Fish Biol., 2000, vol. 57, suppl. A, pp. 136-157.Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    Korsunskaya, G.V., Kuril'skaya ostrovnaya duga (The Kuril Island Arch), Moscow: Geograficheskaya Literatura, 1958.Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    Aebersold, P.B., Winans, G.A., Teel, D.J., et al., Manual for Starch Gel Electrophoresis: A Method for the Detection of Genetic Variation, NOAA Technical Report NMFS 61, 1987.Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    Markert, C.L. and Faulhaber, I., Lactate Dehydrogenase Isozyme Patterns of Fish, J. Exp. Zool., 1965, vol. 159, no. 2, pp. 319-332.Google Scholar
  19. 19.
    Peacock, A.C., Bunting, S.L., and Queen, K.G., Serum Protein Electrophoresis in Acrylamide Gel: Patterns from Normal Human Subjects, Science, 1965, vol. 147, pp. 1451-1452.Google Scholar
  20. 20.
    Ridgway, G.L., Shernburne, S.W., and Lewis, R.D., Polymorphism in the Serum Esterases of Atlantic Herring, Trans. Am. Fish. Soc., 1970, vol. 99, pp. 147-151.Google Scholar
  21. 21.
    Shaklee, J.B., Allendorf, F.W., Morizot, D.C., and Whitt, G.S., Gene Nomenclature for Protein-Coding Loci in Fish, Trans. Am. Fish. Soc., 1990, vol. 119, pp. 2-15.Google Scholar
  22. 22.
    Waples, R.S., Estimation of Allele Frequencies at Isoloci, Genetics, 1988, vol. 118, pp. 371-384.Google Scholar
  23. 23.
    Zaykin, D.V. and Pudovkin, A.I., Two Programs to Estimate Significance of χ2 Values Using Pseudo-Probability Tests, J. Hered., 1993, vol. 84, p. 152.Google Scholar
  24. 24.
    Nei, M., Molecular Population Genetics and Evolution, Amsterdam: North-Holland, 1975.Google Scholar
  25. 25.
    Behnke, R.J., Interpreting the Phylogeny of Salvelinus, Physiol. Ecol. Jpn. Spec., 1989, vol. 1, pp. 35-48.Google Scholar
  26. 26.
    Chereshnev, I.A., Biologicheskoe raznoobrazie presno-vodnoi ikhtiofauny Severo-Vostoka Rossii (Biological Diversity of Freshwater Fauna of Northeastern Russia), Glubokovsky, M.K., Ed., Vladivostok: Dal'nauka, 1996.Google Scholar
  27. 27.
    Shed'ko, S.V., An Overview of Freshwater Ichthyofauna, Rastitel'nyi i zhivotnyi mir Kuril'skikh ostrovov(Materialy Mezhdunarodnogo Kuril'skogo proekta) (Plants and Animals of the Kuril Islands: Proc. Int. Kuril Project), Storozhenko, S.Yu., Ed., Vladivostok: Dal'nauka, 2002, pp. 118-134.Google Scholar
  28. 28.
    Everett, R.J., Wilmot, R.L., and Krueger, C.C., Population Genetic Structure of Dolly Varden from Beaufort See Drainages of Northern Alaska and Canada, Am. Fish. Soc. Symp., 1997, vol. 19, pp. 240-249.Google Scholar
  29. 29.
    Taranetz, A.Ya., Freshwater Fish of the Northwestern Basin of the Japanese Sea, Tr. Zool. Inst. Akad. Nauk SSSR, 1936, vol. 4, no. 2, pp. 483-537.Google Scholar
  30. 30.
    Gritsenko, O.F., Systematics and Origin of Sakhalin Chars of the Genus Salvelinus, Tr. Vses. Nauchno-Issled. Inst. Morsk. Rybn. Khoz. Okeanogr., 1975, no. 106, pp. 141-160.Google Scholar
  31. 31.
    Osinov, A.G., Evolutionary Relationships between the Major Taxa of the Salvelinus alpinus-Salvelinus malma Complex: The Results of Comparisons of the Allozyme Data Reported by Several Authors, Vopr. Ikhtiol., 2001, vol. 41, no. 2, pp. 167-183.Google Scholar
  32. 32.
    Oleinik, A.G., Skurikhina, L.A., and Brykov, V.A., Mitochondrial DNA Divergence in Dolly Varden Salvelinus malma in the Asian Region of North Pacific, Genetika (Moscow) (in press).Google Scholar

Copyright information

© MAIK “Nauka/Interperiodica” 2002

Authors and Affiliations

  • V. T. Omelchenko
    • 1
  • E. A. Salmenkova
    • 2
  • S. V. Shedko
    • 3
  1. 1.Institute of Marine BiologyRussian Academy of SciencesVladivostokRussia
  2. 2.Vavilov Institute of General GeneticsRussian Academy of SciencesMoscowRussia
  3. 3.Institute of Biology and Soil SciencesRussian Academy of SciencesVladivostokRussia

Personalised recommendations