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Neurochemical Research

, Volume 27, Issue 7–8, pp 575–581 | Cite as

Cationic Glycosphingolipids in Neuronal Tissues and Their Possible Biological Significance

  • Toshiyuki Hikita
  • Keiko Tadano-Aritomi
  • Naoko Iida-Tanaka
  • Steven B. Levery
  • Ineo Ishizuka
  • Senitiroh Hakomori
Article

Abstract

During the course of studies on natural occurrence of sphingosine base in brain, cationic glycosphingolipids bound to carboxymethyl-Sephadex and eluted with triethylamine in organic solvents were isolated and characterized. Four classes of compounds were identified: (i) plasmalopsychosine-A and -B; (ii) glyceroplasmalopsychosine; (iii) glycosphingolipids having de-N-acetyl-hexosamine, e.g., de-N-acetyl-Lc3Cer; (iv) glycosylsphingosine, i.e., lysoglycosphingolipid. Only two kinds, galactosylsphingosine (psychosine) and lactosylsphingosine, were found to occur naturally in brain. All these compounds were isolated from extract of brain white matter. Their occurrence, quantity, and distribution pattern differ from one species to another. Their quantity is much lower than that of regular acidic and neutral glycosphingolipids. They may interact with regular glycosphingolipids in glycosphingolipid-enriched microdomains to elicit signal transduction, to modify cellular phenotype, although studies along this line are highly limited at this time.

Positively charged glycosphingolipid plasmalopsychosine-A and -B glyceroplasmalopsychosine de-N-acetyl-hexosamine lysoglycosphingolipid signal transduction 

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Copyright information

© Plenum Publishing Corporation 2002

Authors and Affiliations

  • Toshiyuki Hikita
    • 1
    • 2
  • Keiko Tadano-Aritomi
    • 3
  • Naoko Iida-Tanaka
    • 3
  • Steven B. Levery
    • 4
  • Ineo Ishizuka
    • 3
  • Senitiroh Hakomori
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.Division of Biomembrane ResearchPacific Northwest Research InstituteSeattle
  2. 2.Department of PathobiologyUniversity of WashingtonSeattle
  3. 3.Department of BiochemistryTeikyo University School of MedicineTokyoJapan
  4. 4.Department of ChemistryUniversity of New HampshireDurham

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