Application of electrochemical techniques for the control of cracks and steel corrosion in concrete
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Electrochemical techniques are becoming increasingly popular as a means of rehabilitating deteriorated reinforced concrete. In this paper we explore the possibility of using an electrodeposition technique for repairs of land-based cracked concrete structures and investigate the effect of this technique on various concrete properties. Concrete specimens reinforced with steel rebars were used as test specimens in this study. The specimens were first precracked by exposing rebars to chloride-induced corrosion, and then immersed in a solution of zinc sulfate and subjected to a constant d.c. current. The current was applied between the reinforcing steel in the concrete and an external electrode immersed in the solution for eight weeks. The degree of crack closure, water permeability, condition of reinforcing steel, and chloride concentration were investigated in order to assess the effectiveness of this method as a potential rehabilitation technique. The results indicate that the formation of electrodeposits caused the closure of cracks and led to improvement of the concrete watertightness. In addition, the investigation shows that the application of the electrical current increases the passivity of steel in concrete.
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