Plant and Soil

, Volume 243, Issue 2, pp 243–252 | Cite as

Dry matter production and boron concentrations of vegetative and reproductive tissues of canola and sunflower plants grown in nutrient solution

  • A. Asad
  • F. P. C. Blamey
  • D. G. Edwards
Article

Abstract

Canola (Brassica napus L.) and sunflower (Helianthus annuus L.), two important oilseed crops, are sensitive to low boron (B) supply. Symptoms of B deficiency are often more severe during the reproductive stage, but it is not known if this is due to a decreased external B supply with time or an increased sensitivity to low B during this stage. Canola and sunflower were grown for 75 days after transplanting (DAT) in two solution culture experiments using Amberlite (IRA-743) B-specific resin to maintain constant B concentration in solution over the range 0.6 – 53 μM. Initially, the vegetative growth of both crops was good in all treatments. With the onset of the reproductive stage, however, severe B deficiency symptoms developed and growth of canola and sunflower was reduced with ≤ 0.9 and ≤ 0.7 μM B, respectively. At these concentrations, reproductive parts failed to develop. The critical B concentration (i.e. 90% of maximum shoot dry matter yield) in the youngest opened leaf was 18 mg kg−1 in canola and 25 mg kg−1 in sunflower at 75 DAT. The results of this study indicate that the reproductive stage of these two oilseed crops is more sensitive than the vegetative stage to low B supply.

boron canola deficiency reproduction solution culture sunflower 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Adams P, Graves C J and Winsor G W 1973 Nutrition of carnations Dianthus caryophyllus L. in peat and peat-sand. In Diagnosis of Mineral Disorders in Plants: Vol 3. Glasshouse Crops. Ed. J B D Robinson. pp 60-61. Her Majesty's Stationery Office, London.Google Scholar
  2. Asad A, Bell R W and Dell B 2000 Uptake and distribution of boron in canola (Brassica napus L.) at vegetative and early flowering stages using boron buffered solution culture. Commun. Soil Sci. Plant Anal. 31, 2233-2249.Google Scholar
  3. Asad A, Bell R W, Dell B and Huang L 1997a Development of a boron buffered solution culture system for studying plant boron nutrition. Plant Soil 188, 21-32.Google Scholar
  4. Asad A, Bell R W, Dell B and Huang L 1997b External boron requirements for canola (Brassica napus L.) in boron buffered solution culture. Ann. Bot. 80, 65-73.Google Scholar
  5. Asher C J and Blamey F P C 1987 Experimental control of plant nutrient status using Programmed Nutrient Addition. J. Plant Nutr. 10, 1371-1380.Google Scholar
  6. Bell R W 1997 Diagnosis and prediction of boron deficiency for plant production. In Boron in Soils and Plants. Reviews. Eds. B Dell, P H Brown and R W Bell. pp 149-168. Kluwer Academic Publishers. Dordrecht, The Netherlands.Google Scholar
  7. Bell R W, Rerkasem B, Keerati-Kasikorn P, Phetchawee S, Hiranburana N, Ratanarat S, Pongsakul P and Loneragan J F 1990 Mineral Nutrition of Food Legumes in Thailand with Particular Reference to Micronutrients. ACIAR Technical Report No. 16.Google Scholar
  8. Blamey F P C, Zollinger R K and Schneiter A A 1997 Sunflower production and culture. In Sunflower Technology and Production. Ed. A A Schneiter. pp 599-670. American Society of Agronomy, Crop Science Society of America and Soil Science of America. Madison, WI.Google Scholar
  9. Dugger W G 1983 Boron in plant metabolism. In Encyclopedia of Plant Physiology: Inorganic Plant Nutrition. Eds. A Lauchli and R L Bieleski. pp 626-650. Springer-Verlag. New York.Google Scholar
  10. Gagnon J, Roth J, Finzer B, Hofmann R, Haycock K, Simpson J and Feldman D 1984 The Accessible General Linear Modelling Package. Abacus Concept, Inc., Berkeley, CA.Google Scholar
  11. Gupta U C 1993 Factors affecting boron uptake by plants. In Boron and its Role in Crop Production. Ed. U C Gupta. pp 87-104. CRC Press, Inc., Boca Raton, FL.Google Scholar
  12. Gupta U C, Jame Y W, Campbell C A, Leyshon A J and Nicholaichuk W 1985 Boron toxicity and deficiency: A review. Can. J. Soil Sci. 65, 381-409.Google Scholar
  13. Harris H C and Brolman J B 1966 Comparison of calcium and boron deficiencies of the peanut. II. Seed quality in relation to histology and viability. Agron. J. 58, 578-582.Google Scholar
  14. Hu H, Brown P H and Labavitch J G 1996 Species variability in boron requirement is correlated with cell wall pectin. J. Exp. Bot. 47, 227-232.Google Scholar
  15. Kirk G J and Loneragan J F 1988 Functional boron requirement for leaf expansion and its use as a critical value for diagnosis of boron deficiency in soybean. Agron. J. 80, 758-762.Google Scholar
  16. Liu Z, Zhu Q and Tang L 1981 Boron-deficient soils and their distribution in China. Soil Research Report No. 5. Institute of Soil Science, Academia Sinica. Nanjing, ChinaGoogle Scholar
  17. Matoh T 1997 Boron in plant cell wall. In Boron in Soils and Plants. Reviews. Eds. B Dell, P H Brown and R W Bell. pp 59-70. Kluwer Academic Publishers, Dordrecht, The Netherlands.Google Scholar
  18. Messing J H L 1955 The visual symptoms of some mineral de-ficiencies on perpetual flowering carnations. Carn. Craft 32, 1-7.Google Scholar
  19. Myers L F, Lipsett J and Kirchner R 1983 Response of rapeseed (Brassica napus L.) to phosphorus, boron and lime on an acid soil near Canberra. Aust. J. Exp. Agric. Anim. Husb. 23, 172-175.Google Scholar
  20. Reuter D J and Robinson J B 1997 Plant Analysis-An Interpretation Manual. Inkata Press, Melbourne, Australia.Google Scholar
  21. Shelp B J, Liu L and McLellan D 1993 Glucosinolate composition of broccoli (Brassica oleracea var. italica) grown under various boron treatments at three Ontario sites. Can. J. Plant Sci. 73, 885-888.Google Scholar
  22. Schneiter A A and Miller J F 1981 Description of sunflower growth stages. Crop Sci. 901-903.Google Scholar
  23. Sylvester-Bradley R and Makepeace R J 1984 A code for stages of development in oilseed rape. Aspects of Applied Biology No. 6, 399-419.Google Scholar
  24. Takkar P N, Chhibba I G and Mehta S K 1989 Twenty years of coordinated research on micronutrients in soils and plants: 1967-1987. Indian Institute of Soil Science, Bhopal, India.Google Scholar
  25. Ware G O, Ohki K and Moon L L 1982 The Mitscherlich plant growth model for determining critical nutrient deficiency levels. Agron. J. 74, 84-91.Google Scholar
  26. Weir R G and Cresswell G C 1994 Common nutritional problems and their correction. In Plant Nutrient Disorders 4. Pasture and Field Crops. Eds. R G Weir and G C Cresswell. pp 103-124. Inkata Press, Melbourne, Australia.Google Scholar
  27. Winsor G and Adams P 1987 Boron deficiency. In Diagnosis of Mineral Disorders in Plants. Ed. J B D Robinson. pp 80-83. Crown Press. London.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic Publishers 2002

Authors and Affiliations

  • A. Asad
    • 1
  • F. P. C. Blamey
    • 1
  • D. G. Edwards
    • 1
  1. 1.School of Land and Food SciencesThe University of QueenslandBrisbaneAustralia

Personalised recommendations