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Social Indicators Research

, Volume 59, Issue 3, pp 321–338 | Cite as

Healthy Days, Health Satisfaction and Satisfaction with the Overall Quality of Life

  • Alex C. Michalos
  • Bruno D. Zumbo
Article

Abstract

In this note we report results of 6 surveysusing the United States Centers for DiseaseControl and Prevention indicators of healthstatus, taken from the Behavioral Risk FactorSurveillance System. Generally speaking, wefound that the CDC healthy days variables couldplay a useful role in survey research aimed atassessing the impact of measured health statuson people's satisfaction with their own healthand with the overall quality of their lives.More precisely, using stepwise regressions wefound: (1) The three healthy days variablesexplained from 16 to 27 percent of the variancein General Health scores. The limited activitydays variable remained as a significantpredictor in only one of the six regressionsand the not good physical health days variablewas most influential in every sample. (2) Thethree healthy days variables explained from 19to 32 percent of the variance in healthsatisfaction scores, and the not good physicalhealth days variable was again most influentialin every sample. (3) The three healthy daysvariables explained from 12 to 39 percent ofthe variance in quality-of-life satisfactionscores, with the not good mental healthvariable most influential in every sample. (4)The four CDC variables together explained from40 to 55 percent of the variance in healthsatisfaction scores, with the General Healthvariable always dominating the set ofpredictors by a fairly wide margin. (5) Thefour CDC variables together explained from 17to 28 percent of the variance inquality-of-life satisfaction scores, with theGeneral Health variable most influential inthree samples and the not good mental healthvariable most influential in the other three.(6) When the four CDC variables plus the healthsatisfaction variable were used as potentialpredictors, we were able to explain from 29 to40 percent of the variance in quality-of-lifesatisfaction scores. In every sample, theGeneral Health and limited activity daysvariables had no significant impact. (7) Usingstructural equation modeling, we found GeneralHealth does not have a direct effect onsatisfaction with the overall quality of lifebut rather only an indirect effect throughhealth satisfaction. The General Health, notgood physical health, and not good mentalhealth days variables account for 51% of thevariation in health satisfaction, and healthsatisfaction, not good physical health and notgood mental health days variables account for30% of the variation in satisfaction with theoverall quality of life.

Keywords

Mental Health Indirect Effect Physical Health General Health Stepwise Regression 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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REFERENCES

  1. CDC: 2000, 'Centers for disease control and prevention', Measuring Healthy Days (Atlanta, Georgia, November).Google Scholar
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  4. Michalos, A.C., A.M. Hubley, B.D. Zumbo and D. Hemingway: 2001, 'Health and other aspects of the quality of life of older people', Social Indicators Research 54, pp.239-274.Google Scholar
  5. Michalos, A.C. and B.D. Zumbo: tbp, 'Leisure activities, health and the quality of life' (currently under review). Michalos, A.C. and B.D. Zumbo: tbp.a, 'Quality of life in Quesnel, British Columbia' (currently under review).Google Scholar
  6. Ounpuu, S., P. Kreuger, M. Vermeulen and L. Chambers: 2000, 'Using the U.S. Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System's health-related quality of life survey tool in a Canadian city', Canadian Journal of Public Health 91(1), pp.67-72.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic Publishers 2002

Authors and Affiliations

  • Alex C. Michalos
    • 1
  • Bruno D. Zumbo
    • 2
  1. 1.Institute for Social Research and EvaluationUniversity of Northern British ColumbiaPrince GeorgeCanada
  2. 2.Measurement, Evaluation and Research, Methodology ProgramUniversity of British ColumbiaVancouver

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