Water, Air, and Soil Pollution

, Volume 100, Issue 1–2, pp 1–12 | Cite as

Effect of Certain Herbicides on the Growth of Freshwater Algae

  • S. A. Shehata
  • M. A. El-Dib
  • H. F. Abou Waly


An algal toxicity bioassay using a continuous culture was investigated with respect to the herbicide gardoprim (triazine) and patoran (phenylurea) in order to evaluate the effect of increasing dosages of applied herbicides upon growth, residual herbicide and herbicide accumulation in Nile water algae. Growth patterns exhibited by algae under continuous culture conditions reflect the ability of the algae to overcome inhibitory effects of the herbicides. Nile water algae showed variable ability to accumulate different herbicide. As the herbicide concentratrion increased, the accumulation increased especially for paron. Nile water algae accumulated patron and gardoprim to concentrations of 0.75 and 0.3 mg g-1, respectively. Considerable change occurred in the algal diversity and redundancy after each increase in herbicide concentration. Diversity and redundancy of genera and their recovery varied according to the type of herbicide, its concentration and contact time.

accumulation algal growth algal toxicity chlorophyll content gardoprim Nile water algae patron residual herbicide 


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. APHA: 1965, ‘Standard Methods for the Examination of Water, Sewage and Industrial Wastes’, 11th ed., NY.Google Scholar
  2. APHA: 1991, ‘Standard Methods for the Examination of Water and Wastewater’, 18th ed., American Public Health Association, Washington, D.C. U.S.A.Google Scholar
  3. Bakalivanov, D. and Biochev, A.: 1979, Pochvoznanie Agrokhimia 14, 98.Google Scholar
  4. DeNoyelles, F., Kettle, W. D. and Sinn, D. E.: 1982, Ecology 63, 1285.Google Scholar
  5. El-Dib, M. A., Shehata, S. A-and Abou-Waly, H. F.: 1989, Water, Air and Soil Pollut. 48, 306.Google Scholar
  6. Environmental Protection Agency, U.S.A.: 1974, Pesticide Residue Analysis in Water Methos, No. 430/1, 74–012, Washington, DC.Google Scholar
  7. Gaziev, M. T.: 1979, Khimiya Sel'd Kom. Khozyaistve 27, 61.Google Scholar
  8. Hannan, P. J. and Patouillet, C.: 1974, ‘Nutrient and Pollutant Concentration as Determinants in Algal Growth Rates’, in: Ruivo, M. (ed.), Marine Pollution and Sea Life, FAO, Fishinh News Books, London pp. 340–342.Google Scholar
  9. Heuss, K.: 1972, Sheriftenreihe des vereins fur wasser Boden-und Lufthygien 37, 221.Google Scholar
  10. Hooper, F. F.: 1969, ‘Eutrophication Indices and Their Relation to Other Indices of Ecosystem Changes’, in: Eutrophication Cases, Consequences, Correctives. Natl. Acad. Sci. Washington, DC.Google Scholar
  11. Maly, M. and Ruber, E.: 1983, Bull. Environ. Contam. Toxicol. 30, 464.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  12. Mitchell, D. and Buzzel, J. C.: 1971, J. Sanit. Eng. Div. 79, 453.Google Scholar
  13. Nelson, J. H., Stoneburner, D. L., Evans, E. S., Pennington, J. R. and Meisch, M. V.: 1976, Bull. Environ. Contam. Toxicol. 15, 630.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  14. Nyholm, N.: 1985, Water Res. 19, 273.Google Scholar
  15. Shehata, S. A., El-Dib, M. A. and Abou-Waly, H. F.: 1993, Bull. Environ. Contam. Toxicol. 50, 369.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  16. Sterbe, H. and Krauter, B.: 1978, Das Leben inWassertrpfn Mikroflora and Mikrofauna des Subwasser, Ein Bestimmungssbuch mit 1700 Abbildungen, Stutgart.Google Scholar
  17. Sreeniveas, S. S., Rana, B. C.: 1991, Pollut. Res. 11(1), 47.Google Scholar
  18. Virmani, M., Evans, J. O. and Lynn, R. I.: 1975, Chemosphere 4, 65.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic Publishers 1997

Authors and Affiliations

  • S. A. Shehata
    • 1
  • M. A. El-Dib
    • 1
  • H. F. Abou Waly
    • 1
  1. 1.Water Pollution Control DepartmentNational Research CenterDokki, CairoEgypt

Personalised recommendations