Diffusion approximations for open multiclass queueing networks: sufficient conditions involving state space collapse
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Certain diffusion processes known as semimartingale reflecting Brownian motions (SRBMs) have been shown to approximate many single class and some multiclass open queueing networks under conditions of heavy traffic. While it is known that not all multiclass networks with feedback can be approximated in heavy traffic by SRBMs, one of the outstanding challenges in contemporary research on queueing networks is to identify broad categories of networks that can be so approximated and to prove a heavy traffic limit theorem justifying the approximation. In this paper, general sufficient conditions are given under which a heavy traffic limit theorem holds for open multiclass queueing networks with head-of-the-line (HL) service disciplines, which, in particular, require that service within each class is on a first-in-first-out (FIFO) basis. The two main conditions that need to be verified are that (a) the reflection matrix for the SRBM is well defined and completely- S, and (b) a form of state space collapse holds. A result of Dai and Harrison shows that condition (a) holds for FIFO networks of Kelly type and their proof is extended here to cover networks with the HLPPS (head-of-the-line proportional processor sharing) service discipline. In a companion work, Bramson shows that a multiplicative form of state space collapse holds for these two families of networks. These results, when combined with the main theorem of this paper, yield new heavy traffic limit theorems for FIFO networks of Kelly type and networks with the HLPPS service discipline.
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