Sex Roles

, Volume 38, Issue 11–12, pp 1025–1048 | Cite as

Gender and Age Patterns in Emotional Expression, Body Image, and Self-Esteem: A Qualitative Analysis

  • Mary Polce-Lynch
  • Barbara J. Myers
  • Christopher T. Kilmartin
  • Renate Forssmann-Falck
  • Wendy Kliewer


This qualitative study used written narrativesto examine gender and age patterns in body image,emotional expression, and self-esteem for a total of 209boys and girls in the fifth, eighth, and twelfth grades. Seventy-six percent of the sample wasCaucasian, 18% African-American, 5% Asian-American, and.5% Hispanic. A major finding indicates that boysrestrict emotional expression from early adolescence through late adolescence, while girls increaseemotional expression during the same age period. Anothermajor finding suggests that girls in late childhood andadolescence are both more negatively and more positively influenced than boys by body image.Both boys' and girls' feelings about themselves areprimarily influenced in gender-stereotypedways.


Qualitative Analysis Social Psychology Qualitative Study Body Image Emotional Expression 
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Copyright information

© Plenum Publishing Corporation 1998

Authors and Affiliations

  • Mary Polce-Lynch
  • Barbara J. Myers
  • Christopher T. Kilmartin
  • Renate Forssmann-Falck
  • Wendy Kliewer

There are no affiliations available

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