Medium-Sized Business Employees Speak Out about Smoking
- Cite this article as:
- Mikanowicz, C.K., Fitzgerald, D.C., Leslie, M. et al. Journal of Community Health (1999) 24: 439. doi:10.1023/A:1018794522623
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A health promotion study, funded by a state health department to meet objectives 3.4 and 3.11 of Healthy People 2000, was designed to: (1) identify tobacco use; (2) assess employees' beliefs on one's health and family member's health; and (3) assess the type of smoking policies favored. Using the Health Belief Model, it was hypothesized that there were differences in the health beliefs of tobacco users, former users, and never users. A 34-item questionnaire was administered to 1090 employees with a return rate of 603 (55%). Results: tobacco users perceived weight control and reduction of tension as benefits; they accepted warning label as hazardous but reported smokeless not as harmful; they perceived heart disease and cancer as related to tobacco use; and 62% had tried to quit smoking. Former and never users wanted “total ban policies” while, tobacco users wanted “designated areas” for smoking. All perceived their smoking and environmental tobacco smoke hazardous to their health and the health of family.