Mammary Gland Growth and Development from the Postnatal Period to Postmenopause: Ovarian Steroid Receptor Ontogeny and Regulation in the Mouse

  • James L. Fendrick
  • Ahmed M. Raafat
  • Sandra Z. Haslam


Ovarian steroid hormones play a critical role inregulating mammary gland growth and development. Themammary gland sequentially acquires and cyclicallyexhibits proliferative responses to estrogen and/or progesterone from birth to postmenopause. Thefocus of this review is to presentour currentunderstanding of estrogen and progesterone receptordistribution in epithelial and stromal cells and theirfunctions in relation to mammary gland development.Insights gained from the study of the normal mammarygland are relevant to our understanding of theconditions which may predispose women to the developmentof breast cancer as well as to alterations inhormonal regulation that occur in breastcancer.



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© Plenum Publishing Corporation 1998

Authors and Affiliations

  • James L. Fendrick
  • Ahmed M. Raafat
  • Sandra Z. Haslam

There are no affiliations available

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