Community Mental Health Journal

, Volume 34, Issue 1, pp 57–69 | Cite as

The Relationship Between Housing Characteristics, Emotional Well-Being and the Personal Empowerment of Psychiatric Consumer/Survivors

  • Geoffrey Nelson
  • G. Brent Hall
  • Richard Walsh-Bowers


In this research, we examine the relationshipsbetween the housing characteristics and dimensions ofcommunity adaptation for 107 psychiatricconsumer/survivors. Hypotheses about which housingcharacteristics best predict which dimensions of adaptationwere made based on previous research and theory. Usinga longitudinal research design, we found, aftercontrolling for demographic variables and prioradaptation, that the number of living companions, housingconcerns, and having a private room all significantlypredicted different dimensions of community adaptation.The findings partially support our theoretical expectations and illuminate the relationshipbetween physical, social and organizational aspects ofcommunity-based housing and the adaptation ofpsychiatric consumer/survivors. We discuss theimplications of the results for policy and practice inproviding housing for this population.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. Baker, F., & Douglas, C. (1990). Housing environments and community adjustment of severely mentally ill persons. Community Mental Health Journal, 26, 497–505.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  2. Barker, R.G., & Gump, P.V. (1964). Big school, small school. Stanford: Stanford University Press.Google Scholar
  3. Capponi, P. (1992). Upstairs in the cry house: The life of a psychiatric survivor. Toronto: Viking.Google Scholar
  4. Diener, E., & Emmons, R.A. (1985). The independence of positive and negative affect. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 47, 1105–1117.Google Scholar
  5. Earls, M., & Nelson, G. (1988). The relationship between long-term psychiatric clients’ psychological well-being and their perceptions of housing and social support. American Journal of Community Psychology, 16, 279–293.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  6. Hall, G.B., & Nelson, G. (1996). Social networks, social support, personal empowerment and the adaptation of psychiatric consumer/survivors: Path analytic models. Social Science and Medicine, 43, 1743–1754.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  7. Hellman, I.D., Greene, L.R., Morrison, T.L., & Abramowitz, S.I. (1985). Organizational size and perceptions in a residential treatment program. American Journal of Community Psychology, 13, 99–105.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  8. Hogan, M.F., & Carling, P.J. (1992). Normal housing: A key element of a supported housing approach for people with psychiatric disabilities. Community Mental Health Journal, 28, 215–226.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  9. Kruzich, J.M., & Berg, W. (1985). Predictors of self-sufficiency for the mentally ill in long-term care. Community Mental Health Journal, 21, 198–207.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  10. McCarthy, J., & Nelson, G. (1991). An evaluation of supportive housing for current and former psychiatric patients. Hospital and Community Psychiatry, 42, 1254–1256.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  11. McCarthy, J., & Nelson, G (1993). An evaluation of supportive housing: Qualitative and quantitative perspectives. Canadian Journal of Community Mental Health, 12(1), 157–175.Google Scholar
  12. Moos, R.H., & Lemke, S. (1979). Multiphasic environmental assessment procedure (MEAP): Preliminary manual. Palo Alto, CA: Stanford University, Social Ecology Laboratory.Google Scholar
  13. Nelson, G., Hall, G.B., Squire, D., & Walsh-Bowers, R.T. (1992). Social network transactions of psychiatric patients. Social Science and Medicine, 34, 433–445.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  14. Nelson, G., & Smith Fowler, H. (1987). Housing for the chronically mentally disabled: Part IIÐ Process and outcome. Canadian Journal of Community Mental Health, 6(2), 79–91.Google Scholar
  15. Nelson, G., Wiltshire, C., Hall, G.B., Peirson, L., & Walsh-Bowers, R. (1995). Psychiatric consumer/ survivors’ quality of life: Quantitative and qualitative perspectives. Journal of Community Psychology, 23, 216–233.Google Scholar
  16. Newman, S.J., Reschovsky, J., Kaneda, K., & Hendricks, A. (1994). The effects of independent living on persons with chronic mental illness: An assessment of the Section 8 certificate program. The Milbank Quarterly, 72, 171–198.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  17. Pearlin, L. I., & Schooler, C. (1978). The structure of coping. Journal of Health and Social Behavior, 9, 2–21.Google Scholar
  18. Rappaport, J., Seidman, E., Toro, P. A., McFadden, L. S., Reischl, T. M., Roberts, L. J., Salem, D. A., Stein, C. H., & Zimmerman, M. A. (1985). Finishing the unfinished business: Collaborative research with a mutual help organization. Social Policy, 16, 12–24.Google Scholar
  19. Segal, S.P., & Moyles, E.W. (1979). Management style and institutional dependency in sheltered care. Social Psychiatry, 14, 159–165.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Human Sciences Press, Inc. 1998

Authors and Affiliations

  • Geoffrey Nelson
  • G. Brent Hall
  • Richard Walsh-Bowers

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations