Research in Higher Education

, Volume 39, Issue 3, pp 235–274 | Cite as


  • Bernard E. Whitley


A review was conducted of the results of 107studies of the prevalence and correlates of cheatingamong college students published between 1970 and 1996.The studies found cheating to be more common in the 1969-75 and 1986-96 time periods thanbetween 1976 and 1985. Among the strongest correlates ofcheating were having moderate expectations of success,having cheated in the past, studying under poor conditions, holding positive attitudes towardcheating, perceiving that social norms support cheating,and anticipating a large reward for success. However, animportant limitation on the conclusions drawn from this research is that many variables wereincluded in only one or a few studies. A model of theantecedents of cheating is proposed and the implicationsof this model for the identification of students at risk for cheating and controlling cheatingare discussed.


College Student Strong Correlate Social Norm Positive Attitude Education Research 
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© Human Sciences Press, Inc. 1998

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  • Bernard E. Whitley

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