Archives of Sexual Behavior

, Volume 28, Issue 6, pp 523–538 | Cite as

Sexual Coercion in India: An Exploratory Analysis Using Demographic Variables

  • Lisa K. Waldner
  • Linda Vaden-Goad
  • Anjoo Sikka
Article

Abstract

A 14-item Sexual Coercion Inventory (SCI) wasadministered to an urban university sample in WesternIndia. Twenty-six percent of the sample reported a totalof 160 incidents of sexual coercion ranging in severity from unwanted kissing to sexualintercourse. The most common outcome was intercourse andwas followed by kissing and fondling. No genderdifferences were discovered regarding victim status ortypes of coercion tactics experienced. A MANOVAanalysis found no overall gender effect, but maritalstatus and protected class membership did have asignificant effect with people who are married andprotected class members reporting more sexual coercion.Reasons for the lack of an overall gender effect andlimitations of this research are discussed.

SEXUAL COERCION SEXUAL VICTIMIZATION CROSS-CULTURAL MARITAL RELATIONS SEXUAL BEHAVIOR 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

REFERENCES

  1. Beck, A. T., and Steer, R. (1987). The Beck Depression Inventory, The Psychological Corporation, San Antonio, TX.Google Scholar
  2. Brand, P., and Kidd, A. H. (1986). Frequency of physical aggression in heterosexual and homosexual dyads. Psychol. Rep. 59: 1307–1313.Google Scholar
  3. Christopher, F. S. (1988). An initial investigation into a continuum of premarital sexual pressure. J. Sex Res. 25: 255–266.Google Scholar
  4. Christopher, F. S., and Frandsen, M. M. (1990). Strategies of influence in sex and dating. J. Soc. Interpers. Relation. 7: 89–106.Google Scholar
  5. Duncan, D. (1990). Prevalence of sexual assault victimization among heterosexual and gay/lesbian university students. Psychol. Rep. 66: 65–66.Google Scholar
  6. Garrett-Gooding, J., and Senter, R. (1987). Attitudes and acts of sexual aggression on a university campus. Sociol. Inquiry 57: 348–371.Google Scholar
  7. Hurst, C. E. (1992). Social Inequality, Allyn and Bacon, Boston, MA.Google Scholar
  8. Jack, D. C. (1991). Silencing the Self: Women and Depression, Harvard University Press, Cambridge, MA.Google Scholar
  9. Kanekar, S., Shaherwalla, A., Franco, B., Kunju, T., and Pinto, A. J. (1991). The acquaintance predicament of a rape victim. J. Appl. Soc. Psychol. 21: 1524–1544.Google Scholar
  10. Koss, M. P., and Dinero, T. E. (1989). Discriminant analysis of risk factors for sexual victimization among a national sample of college women. J. Consult. Clin. Psychol. 57: 242–250.Google Scholar
  11. Koss, M. P., Gidycz, C. A., and Wisniewski, N. (1987). The scope of rape: Incidence and prevalence of sexual aggression and victimization in a national sample of higher education students. J. Consult. Clin. Psychol. 55: 162–170.Google Scholar
  12. Locke, H. J., and Wallace, K. M. (1959). Short marital-adjustment and prediction tests: Their reliability and validity. Marriage Family Living 251–255.Google Scholar
  13. Luther, S. S., and Quinlan, D. M. (1993). Parental image in two cultures: A study of women in India and America. J. Cross-Cult. Psychol. 24: 186–202.Google Scholar
  14. McKinney, K. (1986). Perceptions of courtship violence: Gender difference and involvement. Free Inquiry Creat. Sociol. 14: 61–66.Google Scholar
  15. Menon, S. A., and Kanekar, S. (1992). Attitudes towards sexual harassment in India. J. Appl. Soc. Psychol. 22: 1940–1952.Google Scholar
  16. Muehlenhard, C. L., and Cook, W. S. (1988). Men's self-reports of unwanted sexual activity. J. Sex Res. 24: 58–72.Google Scholar
  17. Mukherjee, M. (1996). Toward gender-aware data systems. Econ. Polit. Week. Oct. 26: 63–71.Google Scholar
  18. Muehlenhard, C. L., and Linton, M. A. (1987). Date rape and sexual aggression in dating situations: Incidence and risk factors. J. Counsel. Psychol. 34: 186–196.Google Scholar
  19. Nanda, S. (1992). Arranging a marriage in India. In Devita, P. R. (ed.), The Naked Anthropologist: Tales from Around the World,Wadsworth, Belmont, CA, pp. 137–143.Google Scholar
  20. Nathawat, S. S., and Mathur, A. (1992). Marital adjustment and subjective well-being in Indianeducated housewives and working women. J. Psychol. 127: 353–358.Google Scholar
  21. National Crime Records Bureau (1995). Crime in India, Author & Ministry of Home Affairs, India.Google Scholar
  22. Pathak, I. (1996). Violence against women and women's human rights, Unpublished manuscript.Google Scholar
  23. Poppen, P. J., and Segal, N. J. (1988). The influence of sex and sex-role orientation on sexual coercion. Sex Roles 19: 689–701.Google Scholar
  24. Rayaprol, A. (1996). Gender ideologies and practices among South Indian immigrants in Pittsburgh. Http://wwwhost.cc.utexas.parna.rayaprol.art.html.Google Scholar
  25. Rosenberg, M. (1965). Society and the Adolescent Self-Image, Princeton University Press, Princeton, NJ.Google Scholar
  26. Sharma, S. S. (1994). Untouchables and Brahmins in an Indian Village. In Curtis J., and Tepperman, L. (eds.), Have and the Have-Nots: An International Reader on Social Inequality (eds.), Prentice-Hall, Englewood Cliffs, NJ.Google Scholar
  27. Smith, R. E., Pine, C. S., and Hawley, M. E. (1988). Social cognitions about male victims of female sexual assault. J. Sex Res. 24: 101–112.Google Scholar
  28. Sorenson, S. B., Stein, J. A., Siegal, J. M., Golding, J. M., and Burman, M. A. (1987). The prevalence of adult sexual assault: The Los Angeles epidemiological catchment area project. Am. J. Epidemiol. 126: 1154–1164.Google Scholar
  29. Struckman-Johnson, C. (1988). Forced Sex on dates: It happens to men, too. J. Sex Res. 24: 234–240.Google Scholar
  30. Struckman-Johnson, C., and Struckman-Johnson, D. (1994). Men pressured and forced into sexual experience. Arch. Sex. Behav. 23: 93–114.Google Scholar
  31. Tang, C. S., Critelli, J. W., and Porter, J. F. (1995). Sexual aggression and victimization in dating relationships among Chinese college students. Arch. Sex. Behav. 24: 47–53.Google Scholar
  32. Waldner-Haugrud, L. K., and Gratch, L.V. (1997). Sexual coercion in gay and lesbian relationships: Descriptives and gender differences. Violence Vict. 12: 87–98.Google Scholar
  33. Waldner-Haugrud, L. K., and Magruder, B. (1995). Male and female sexual victimization in dating relationships: Gender differences in coercion techniques and outcomes. Violence Victims 10: 203–215.Google Scholar
  34. Waterman, C. K., Dawson, L. J., and Bologna, M. J. (1989). Sexual coercion in gay male and lesbian relationships: Predictors and implications for support services. J. Sex Res. 26: 118–124.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Plenum Publishing Corporation 1999

Authors and Affiliations

  • Lisa K. Waldner
  • Linda Vaden-Goad
  • Anjoo Sikka

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations