Journal of Materials Science

, Volume 32, Issue 15, pp 4039–4046 | Cite as

Fracture behaviour of liquid crystal epoxy resin systems based on diglycidyl ether of 4,4′-dihydroxy-α-methylstilbene: Part II Effect due to blending with TACTIX 556 epoxy resin and phenolic monomers

  • H.-J Sue
  • J. D Earls


The mechanical behaviours of unoriented, poured resin castings based on formulated blends containing the diglycidyl ether of 4,4′-dihydroxy-α-methylstilbene monomer are studied. It is found that the mechanical and fracture behaviours of these liquid crystalline epoxy (LCE) blends vary significantly. In general, the LCE blends possess much higher fracture toughness and fatigue crack resistance than conventional epoxy resins. At low temperatures (−40°C), the KIC values of the LCE blends are slightly higher than those measured at room temperature. The common fracture mechanisms observed in the ductile LCE blends are crack segmentation, crack branching, crack bridging and crack blunting. The fracture surfaces of the tougher LCE blends only exhibit limited ductile drawing (furrow pattern) at the slow crack growth region; no signs of shear lips on the edges of the starter crack region are observed. The optical microscopy and transmission electron microscopy work suggests that orientation and/or transformation toughening may be the source for such high fracture toughness of the LCE blends. The possible cause(s) of the unusual fracture behaviour of the LCEs is discussed. Approaches for making high performance LCE blends are also addressed.


Linear Elastic Fracture Mechanic Fatigue Crack Propagation High Fracture Toughness Crack Segmentation Novolac Resin 


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. 1.
    H.-J. SUE, J. D. EARLS and R. E. HEFNER, Jr, J. Mater. Sci. (1996) in press.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    J. D. EARLS and R. E. HEFNER, Jr and P. M. PUCKETT, US Patent 5,463,091, 1995.Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    J. D. EARLS and R. E. HEFNER, Jr and P. M. PUCKETT, US Patent 5,218,062, 1993.Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    J. L. BERTRAM, L. L. WALKER, J. R. BERMAN and J. A. CLARKE, US Patent 4,594,291, 1986.Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    G. C. BARCLAY, C. K. OBER, K. I. PAPATHOMAS and D. W. WANG, J. Polym. Sci. Part A: Polym. Chem. 30 (1992) 1831.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    A. A. ROBINSON, S. G. McNAMEE, Y. S. FREIDZON and C. K. OBER, Polymer Preprint 34 (1993) 743.Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Q. LIN, A. F. YEE, J. D. EARLS, R. E. HEFNER, Jr and H.-J. SUE, Polym. Commun. 35 (1994) 2679.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    H.-J. SUE and A. F. YEE, J. Mater. Sci. 28 (1993) 2975.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    H.-J. SUE, R. A. PEARSON, D. S. PARKER, J. HUANG and A. F. YEE, Polymer Preprint 29 (1988) 147.Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    H.-J. SUE, E. I. GARCIA-MEITIN and D. M. PICKELMAN, in “Elastomer technology handbook”, edited by N. P. Cheremisinoff (CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL, 1993) p. 662.Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    H.-J. SUE, Polym. Eng. Sci. 31 (1991) 275.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    O. L. TOWERS, “Stress intensity factor, compliance, and elastic η factors for six geometries” (The Welding Institute, Cambridge, UK, 1981).Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    ASTM standard, E399-81.Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    ASTM standard, E647-88a.Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    P. C. PARIS, in Proceedings of the 10th Sagamore Conference Syracuse, 1964, (Syracuse University Press, Syracuse, NY, 1964) p. 107.Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    A. S. HOLIK, R. P. KAMBOUR, S. Y. HOBBS and D. G. FINK, Microstruct. Sci. 7 (1979) 357.Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    J. KARGER-KOCSIS and K. FRIDRICH, Colloid Polym Sci. 270 (1992) 549.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    H.-J. SUE, in preparation.Google Scholar
  19. 19.
    T.-Y. PAN, R. E. ROBERTSON and F. E. FILISKO, J. Mater. Sci. 24 (1989) 3635.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    H.-J. SUE, J. L. BERTRAM, E. I. GARCIA-MEITIN, L. L. WALKER and J. W. WILCHESTER, Colloid & Polym. Sci. 272 (1994) 456.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Chapman and Hall 1997

Authors and Affiliations

  • H.-J Sue
    • 1
  • J. D Earls
    • 2
    • 2
  1. 1.Polymer Technology Center, Department of Mechanical EngineeringTexas A&M UniversityCollege StationUSA
  2. 2.Organic Product Research, B-1215The Dow Chemical CompanyFreeportUSA

Personalised recommendations