Optical and Quantum Electronics

, Volume 29, Issue 9, pp 883–892

On the thermal resistance of vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers

  • W. Nakwaski
  • M. OSIN´SKI
Article

Abstract

Thermal properties of vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers (VCSELs) are studied using their comprehensive, three-dimensional, self-consistent, thermal-electrical simulation. The thermal resistance versus operation current relation is found to be completely different for two basic VCSEL configurations, i.e. for proton-implanted top-surface-emitting lasers (top-emitting VCSELs) and etched-well lasers (bottom-emitting VCSELs). The above fact is explained using a concept of the average centre of heat generation within a laser volume and its shift with an increase in an operation current.

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Copyright information

© Chapman and Hall 1997

Authors and Affiliations

  • W. Nakwaski
    • 1
  • M. OSIN´SKI
    • 2
  1. 1.Institute of PhysicsTechnical University of Ło´dz´Ło´dz´Poland
  2. 2.Center for High Technology MaterialsUniversity of New MexicoAlbuquerqueUSA

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