, Volume 99, Issue 3, pp 145–153 | Cite as

Genetic analysis of heading date and other agronomic characters in barley (Hordeum vulgare L.)

  • J.H. Esparza Martínez
  • A.E. Foster


Genetic analyses of heading date, tiller number, plant height, grain yield, kernel weight, and plump and thin kernels were made in three six-rowed barley crosses (Hordeum vulgare L.) involving four cultivars. Six populations, P1 , P2 , F1 , F2 , BC1 , and BC2 , from each cross were grown and evaluated at Fargo and Prosper, North Dakota, 1982. Parental means within crosses generally were different except for tiller number. Comparison of generation means suggested that late heading was dominant to early, high kernel weight was dominant to low, and kernel plumpness was influenced by additive gene action. The relationship between yield and heading date was not consistent among crosses and positive r values were quite low. It should be possible to select early maturing, high yielding segregates with plump kernels. Heterosis over the mid-parent was quite similar among crosses for heading date, but there was no heterosis over the high parent. Inbreeding depression was fairly constant for heading date, but was less consistent for yield. The lack of uniformity for estimates of inbreeding depression can be related to environmental variation and to its influence on type of gene action. The ratio of additive to dominance variance was inconsistent among crosses for heading date and yield. These data suggest selection for these characters should be delayed past the F 2 generation. Broad sense heritabilities for heading date ranged from 42 to 86%. Values obtained for grain yield were more consistent among broad sense than narrow sense estimates. Genetic advance estimates were low due to lack of additive variance.

Barley heading date genetic analyses Hordeum vulgare 


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. Aikasolo, R., 1988. The results of six-row barley breeding and the genetic origen of varieties released. J Agric Sci Find 60: 293–305.Google Scholar
  2. Bhatt, G.M., 1972. Inheritance of heading date, plant height, and kernel weight in two spring wheat crosses. Crop Sci 12(1): 95–98.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Grafius, J.E. & L.B. Otoli, 1974. Dimensional balance among yield components and maximum yield in an 8 x 8 diallel of barley. Crop Sci 14: 353–355.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Goldberg, J.B., 1975. Utilization of induced barley mutants to study the inheritance of earliness in by. In: H. Gaul (Ed.), Barley Genetics III. Proc Third Int Barley Genet Symp.Google Scholar
  5. García del Moral, L.F., J.M. Ramos, M.B. García del Moral & M.C. Jimenez-Tejada, 1991. Ontogenetic approach to grain production in spring barley upon path-coefficient analysis. Crop Sci 31: 1179–1185.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Esparza, M.J.H., 1978. The national barley breeding program of INIFAP. Annual barley report. Department of Small Grains. 83 p. Mexico.Google Scholar
  7. Mather, K., 1949. Biometrical genetics. Dover Publications, Inc., New York.Google Scholar
  8. Ramage, R.T., 1983. Heterosis and hybrid seed production in barley of 71- 93. In: R. Frankel (Ed.), Monographs on Theoretical and Applied Genetics, Vol. 6, Heterosis. Springer-Verlag, Berlin Heidelberg.Google Scholar
  9. Robertson, D.W. & D. Koonce, 1936. Barley production in Colorado. Colo Agr Exp Sta Bul: 431.Google Scholar
  10. SAS, 1982. SAS Institute Inc. SAS/STAT User's Guide.Google Scholar
  11. Simmons, S.R., D.C. Rasmusson & J.V. Wiersma, 1982. Tillering in barley: genotype, row spacing, and seeding rate effects. Crop Sci 22: 801–805.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic Publishers 1998

Authors and Affiliations

  • J.H. Esparza Martínez
    • 1
  • A.E. Foster
    • 2
  1. 1.CELALA-INIFAPTorreón, Coah.Mexico
  2. 2.NDSU Department of Plant SciencesFargoU.S.A

Personalised recommendations