In vitro chromosome doubling with colchicine during microspore culture in wheat (Triticum aestivum L.)
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Isolated microspores of two DH lines of wheat were treated with 8 different colchicine concentrations up to 3 mM for either 24 h or 48 h during microspore culture. Untreated control cultures produced on average 220 embryos per spike (100,000 microspores), 68% of the regenerated plantlets were green, and 15% of the flowering plants were fertile. The colchicine treatments had a significant effect on chromosome doubling as measured by the percentage of fertile regenerants. Using colchicine concentrations around 1 mM the percentage of fertile plants among the regenerants was increased up to 53%. The highest number of embryos and regeneration rates were observed after 24 h colchicine treatment, while the highest frequencies of green plants and fertile plants were obtained with 48 h colchicine treatments. The highest number of DH plants per spike was found after treatment with colchicine concentrations of 300 to 1000 μM. Such treatments resulted in an estimated average between the two genotypes of 23 doubled haploid plants per spike.
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