, Volume 100, Issue 1–3, pp 371–376 | Cite as

Genetic resources of wheat related species: The Vrn genes controlling growth habit (spring vs. winter)

  • N.P. Goncharov


Variations in growth habit and its genetic control in landraces of hexa-, tetra- and diploid wheats were studied. Studies demonstrated simple (one, two, or three genes) genetic control of growth habit (spring vs. winter). Triticum aestivum originated from only a part of the gene pools of the diploid species. Results show the feasibility of transferring new Vrn genes from the Sitopsis section of species of the Aegilops genus and the weak allele at the Vrn1 gene from T. dicoccum into cultivated species. The possibilities of introgressing new Vrn genes from diploid related species into cultivated wheats are considered.

geographic distribution growth habit Vrn-genotype wheat species 


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. Åkerman, Å. & J. MacKey, 1949. Försök till stegrande av vårvetets avkastning. II. Korsnönger mellan vår-oh höstvete: Beskrivning av Svalöfs Ellavårvete. Sveriges Utsaderforeningen Tidskrift 59: 105–117. (Swedish).Google Scholar
  2. Dorofeev, V.F. & O.N. Korovina (Eds.), 1979. Wheat. Kolos, Leningrad (Russian).Google Scholar
  3. Dzhalpakova, K.D., N.P. Goncharov & R.I. Bersimbaev, 1995. Genetics of growth habit and earliness in Kazakhstan and Western Siberian durum wheat. In: Proceedings of the Russian Agricultural Academy of Science, 2: 8–10 (Russian).Google Scholar
  4. Dzhalpakova, K.D., N.P. Goncharov & R.I. Bersimbaev, 1996. Genetic control of growth habit in common wheat cultivars from Kazakhstan. Genetika (Moscow) 32: 73–78 (Russian).Google Scholar
  5. Feit, V.I.& A.F. Stelmakh, 1993. Genetic control of growth habit and rate of development in spring wheat from Western Siberia. I. Identification of dominant alleles of genes for growth habit. Sib Vestnik Sel'sko-khoz Nauki 4: 32–36 (Russian).Google Scholar
  6. Goncharov, N.P., 1993. Genetic control of growth habit in tetraploid wheats. In: Proceedings of the 8th International Wheat Genetics Symposium (in press).Google Scholar
  7. Goncharov, N.P. & R.F. Gaidalenok, 1994. Role of chromosomes of wheat homeological group 7 in growth habit control. Genetika (Russia) 30: 1234–1237 (Russian).Google Scholar
  8. Goncharov, N.P. & N.N. Chikida, 1995. Genetics of growth habit in Aegilops squarrosa L. Genetika (Russia) 3l: 396–399 (Russian).Google Scholar
  9. Goncharov, N.P. & A.A. Konovalov, 1996. Genetics of glucose phosphate isomerase, awnedness, hairy glume and growth habit of Aegilops speltoides and Aegilops aucheri. Genetika (Russia) 32: 656–662 (Russian).Google Scholar
  10. Gotoh, T., 1979. Genetic studies on growth habit of some important spring wheat cultivars in Japan, with special reference to the identification of the spring genes involved. Japan J Breed 29: 133–145.Google Scholar
  11. Kato, K., H. Ikoma & K. Hayashi, 1988. Geographical distribution of the genes for vernalization response and its implication for the adaptability of wheat. In: T.E. Miller & R.M.D. Koebner (Eds.), Proceedings of the 7th International Wheat Genetics Symposium, pp. 533–539. IPSR, Cambridge, UK.Google Scholar
  12. Kato, K., K. Nacagawa & H. Kuno, 1993. Chromosomal location of the genes for vernalization response, Vrn2 and Vrn4, in common wheat, Triticum aestivum L. Wheat Inform Serv 76: 53.Google Scholar
  13. Maystrenko, O.I., 1974. Identification of chromosomes carrying genes Vrn1 and Vrn3 inhibiting winter habit in wheat. EWAC Newsletter 4: 49–52.Google Scholar
  14. Nekai, Y. & K. Tsunewaki, 1967. Geographical distribution of spring and winter wheat types. Seikenh Ziho 19: 47–53 (Japanese).Google Scholar
  15. Rigin, B.V., M.S. Letifova & T.S. Repina, 1994. Comparative genetic analysis of development rate of Triticum species. Genetika (Russia). 30: 1326–1333 (Russian).Google Scholar
  16. Rigin, B.V., S.N. Zveinek & T.V. Bulavka, 1985. Genotypes of spring varieties of genes controlling growth habit in common wheat. Catalogue of Vavilov Plant Industry Inst World Collection 427: 1–38 (Russian)Google Scholar
  17. Stelmakh, A.F., 1981. Genetics of growth habit and duration of life cycle in common wheat. Selectsija i Semenovodstvo (Kiev). 48: 8–15 (Russian).Google Scholar
  18. Stelmakh, A.F., 1990. Geographic distribution of Vrn genes in landraces and improved varieties of spring bread wheat. Euphytica 45: 113–118.Google Scholar
  19. Stelmakh, A.F. & V.I. Avsenin, 1996. Alien introgression of spring habit dominant genes into bread wheat genomes. In: A. Borner (Ed.), Proceedings of the 9th EWAC Conference: Cereal Aneuploids for Genetical Analysis and Molecular Techniques. Euphytica 89(1): 65–68.Google Scholar
  20. Stelmakh, A.F., V.I. Avsenin & A.N. Voronin, 1987. Catalogue of spring common wheat varieties with respect to Vrn-loci genotypes). VSGI, Odessa (Russian).Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic Publishers 1998

Authors and Affiliations

  • N.P. Goncharov
    • 1
  1. 1.Institute of Cytology and GeneticsNovosibirskRussia

Personalised recommendations