Breast Cancer Research and Treatment

, Volume 67, Issue 3, pp 255–262

Mental adjustment to first recurrence and correlated factors in patients with breast cancer

  • Yoshie Okano
  • Hitoshi Okamura
  • Toru Watanabe
  • Masaru Narabayashi
  • Noriyuki Katsumata
  • Masashi Ando
  • Isamu Adachi
  • Keiko Kazuma
  • Tatsuo Akechi
  • Yosuke Uchitomi


Previous reports have demonstrated that breast cancer patients felt that news of their recurrence was more upsetting than their initial diagnosis. However, no studies have examined the factors that are correlated with mental adjustment in breast cancer patients who experienced recurrence. The authors investigated factors that are correlated with mental adjustment styles of fighting spirit or helplessness/hopelessness in women with breast cancer with a first recurrence. Fifty-five participants were interviewed and completed the Mental Adjustment to Cancer scale. Factors that correlated significantly with fighting spirit were performance status and history of major depression, while factors that correlated significantly with helplessness/hopelessness were age, pain, and history of major depression. These findings suggest that it is necessary to provide intervention for first recurrent breast cancer patients who have such biomedical factors, as young age, poor performance status, pain, and history of major depression to help them better cope with cancer.

breast cancer first recurrence history of major depression mental adjustment 


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Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic Publishers 2001

Authors and Affiliations

  • Yoshie Okano
    • 1
    • 2
  • Hitoshi Okamura
    • 1
    • 3
  • Toru Watanabe
    • 4
  • Masaru Narabayashi
    • 4
  • Noriyuki Katsumata
    • 4
  • Masashi Ando
    • 4
  • Isamu Adachi
    • 4
  • Keiko Kazuma
    • 2
  • Tatsuo Akechi
    • 1
    • 5
  • Yosuke Uchitomi
    • 1
    • 3
  1. 1.Psycho-Oncology DivisionNational Cancer Center Research Institute EastJapan
  2. 2.Department of Adult Nursing/Terminal and Long-term Care Nursing, Graduate School of MedicineThe University of TokyoTokyo
  3. 3.Psychiatry DivisionNational Cancer Center Hospital EastJapan
  4. 4.Department of Medical OncologyNational Cancer Center HospitalJapan
  5. 5.Japan

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