Hydrobiologia

, Volume 443, Issue 1–3, pp 19–22 | Cite as

Activity of cyanobacterial and algal odor compounds found in lake waters on green alga Chlorella pyrenoidosa growth

  • Miyoshi Ikawa
  • John J. Sasner
  • James F. Haney
Article

Abstract

Volatile organic compounds produced by cyanobacteria and algae in freshwater lakes and contributing to the odour of lakes were tested for their ability to inhibit the growth of the green alga Chlorella pyrenoidosa by the paper disk-agar plate method. Geosmin, β-cyclocitral, α- and β-ionones, and geranylacetone exhibited inhibitory activity by diffusion in the 2-5 mg ml−1 range. α- and β-Ionones and geranylacetone showed inhibition through the vapor phase at 10 mg ml−1. Dimethyl disulfide showed no inhibition at 10 mg ml−1. The norcarotenoids, which are prominent contributors to the odour of lake waters, were not significantly active in inhibiting the growth of Chlorella, with activity in the same range as monoterpene alcohols in general.

cyanobacteria odor compounds Chlorella pyrenoidosa lake water norcarotenoids monoterpenes geosmin 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Evans, W. G., 1994. Volatile organic chemicals of a shore-dwelling cyanobacterial mat community. J. Chem. Ecol. 20: 219–230.Google Scholar
  2. Ikawa, M., C. Carr & T. Tatsuno, 1985. Trichothecene structure and toxicity to the green alga Chlorella pyrenoidosa. Toxicon 23: 535–537.Google Scholar
  3. Ikawa, M., S. P. Mosley & L. J. Barbero, 1992. Inhibitory effects of terpene alcohols and aldehydes on growth of the green green alga Chlorella pyrenoidosa. J. Chem. Ecol. 18: 1755–1760.Google Scholar
  4. Ikawa, M., J. J. Sasner & J. F. Haney, 1997. Inhibition of Chlorella growth by degradation and related products of linoleic and linolenic acids and the possible significance of polyunsaturated fatty acids in phytoplankton ecology. Hydrobiologia 356: 143–148.Google Scholar
  5. Ikawa, M., T. Hartshorne, L.-A. Caron, R. C. Iannitelli, L. J. Barbero & K. Wegener, 1984. Inhibition of the growth of the green alga Chlorella pyrenoidosa by unsaturated fatty acids. J. am. Oil Chem. Soc. 61: 1877–1878.Google Scholar
  6. Jüttner, F., 1976. β-Cyclocitral and alkanes in Microcystis (Cyanophyceae). Z. Naturforsch. 31c: 491–495.Google Scholar
  7. Jüttner, F., 1979a. Nor-carotenoids as the major volatile excretion products of Cyanidium. Z. Naturforsch. 34c: 186–191.Google Scholar
  8. Jüttner, F., 1979b. The algal excretion product geranylacetone: a potent inhibitor of carotene biosynthesis in Synechococcus. Z. Naturforsch. 34c: 957–960.Google Scholar
  9. Jüttner, F., 1984a. Dynamics of volatile organic substances associated with cyanobacteria and algae in a eutrophic shallow lake. Appl. Envir. Microbiol. 47: 814–820.Google Scholar
  10. Jüttner, F., 1984b. Characterization of Microcystis strains by alkyl sulfides and β-cyclocitral. Z. Naturforsch. 39c: 867–871.Google Scholar
  11. Jüttner, F., 1995. Physiology and biochemistry of odourous compounds from freshwater cyanobacteria and algae. Wat. Sci. Technol. 31: 69–78.Google Scholar
  12. McGrattan, C. J., J. D. Sullivan Jr. & M. Ikawa, 1976. Inhibition of Chlorella (Chlophyceae) growth by fatty acids, using the paper disc method. J. Phycol. 12: 129–131.Google Scholar
  13. Walsh, K., G. L. Jones & R. H. Dunstan, 1998. Effect of high irradiance and iron on volatile odour compounds in the cyanobacterium Microcystis aeruginosa. Phytochemistry 49: 1227–1239.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic Publishers 2001

Authors and Affiliations

  • Miyoshi Ikawa
    • 1
  • John J. Sasner
    • 1
  • James F. Haney
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Zoology and Center for Freshwater BiologyUniversity of New HampshireDurhamU.S.A.

Personalised recommendations