The Differential Diagnosis of Impaired Reciprocal Social Interaction in Children: A Review of Disorders
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- Scheeringa, M.S. Child Psychiatry Hum Dev (2001) 32: 71. doi:10.1023/A:1017511714145
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Impairment in reciprocal social interaction in children that is less severe than autism can be difficult to diagnose due to the variety of developmental pathways that may lead to this problem. Seven childhood disorders are reviewed that include impaired reciprocal interaction: multisystem developmental disorder, nonverbal learning disability syndrome, semantic-pragmatic disorder, attachment disorders (including a developmental theory of limbic system damage), multiplex developmental disorder, schizoid personality disorder, and pervasive developmental disorder not otherwise specified. Clarification is needed for most of the disorders in the areas of operationalized criteria, assessment tools, and documenting causal relationships.