Hydrobiologia

, Volume 387, Issue 0, pp 321–326 | Cite as

Anhydrobiotic capabilities of bdelloid rotifers

  • Claudia Ricci
Article

Abstract

To test if anhydrobiotic capability is apomorphic to class Bdelloidea, I focused on the recovery from desiccation of 15 bdelloid species. The species belonged to 6 genera, represented the four bdelloid families, and were collected from water and moss environments. Eggs or embryos, prereproductive and reproductive specimens of most species were desiccated and kept dry for 7 days. The highest recovery rates were obtained rehydrating adult bdelloids of moss species, while three aquatic species did not survive anhydrobiosis. Species from aquatic and moss habitats differed in their capacity to enter anhydrobiosis and to recover successfully. This difference may be related to the different desiccation frequencies of the two habitats, although aquatic species were able to survive desiccation. It seems likely that anhydrobiotic capacity is a feature common to all bdelloids, and that was subsequently lost by some species.

bdelloid rotifers anhydrobiosis desiccation recovery 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Crowe, J. H., 1971. Anhydrobiosis: an unsolved problem. Am. Nat. 105: 563–573.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Dobers, E., 1915. Ñber die Biologie der Bdelloidea. Int. Revue ges. Hydrobiol. Hydrol. Suppl. zu Bd. 7: 1–128.Google Scholar
  3. Donner, J., 1956. Ñber die Mikrofauna, besonders die Rotatorienfauna des Bodens. VI Congrés Int. Science du Sol. III 20: 121–124.Google Scholar
  4. Donner, J., 1965. Ordnung Bdelloidea. Akademie Verlag. 297 pp.Google Scholar
  5. Donner, J., 1975. Randbiotope von Fliessgewässern als orte der Anpassung von Wasserorganismen an Bodenbedingungen, gezeigt an Rotatorien der Donau und Nebenflüsse. Verh. Ges. Ökkol.: 231–234.Google Scholar
  6. Evans, A. A. F. & R. N. Perry, 1976. Survival strategies employed by nematode anhydrobiotes in relation to their natural environment. In: N. A. Croll (ed.), The organization of Nematodes. Academic Press, New York: 383–424.Google Scholar
  7. Gilbert, J. J., 1974. Dormancy in rotifers. Trans. Am. Microsc. Soc. 93: 490–513.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Jacobs, M. H., 1909. The effects of desiccation on the rotifer Philodina roseola. J. Exp. Zool. 6: 207–263.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Keilin, D., 1959. The problem of anabiosis or latent life: history and current concept. Proc. Roy. Soc. London 150: 149–191.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Melone, G. & C. Ricci, 1995. Rotatory apparatus in Bdelloids. Hydrobiologia 313/314: 91–98.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Murray, J., 1911a. Some African rotifers: Bdelloidea of tropical Africa. J. Royal Mic. Soc.: 1–18.Google Scholar
  12. Murray, J., 1911b. Bdelloid Rotifera of South Africa. Ann. Transvaal Mus. 3: 1–19.Google Scholar
  13. Örstan, A., 1995. Desiccation survival of the eggs of the rotifer Adineta vaga (Davis, 1873). Hydrobiologia 313/314: 373–375.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Ricci, C., 1987. Ecology of bdelloids: how to be successful. Hydrobiologia 147: 117–127.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Ricci, C., 1992. Rotifers: parthenogenesis and heterogony. In R. Dallai (ed.), Sex Origin and Evolution. Selected Symposia and Monographs UZI 6: 329–341.Google Scholar
  16. Ricci, C., 1996. Desiccation as a switch for some microinvertebrates. Proc. VI Eur. Symp. Life Sciences Research in Space. ESA SP-390: 273–275.Google Scholar
  17. Ricci, C., L. Vaghi & M. L. Manzini, 1987. Desiccation of rotifers (Macrotrachela quadricornifera): survival and reproduction. Ecology 68: 1488–1494.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Schramm, U. & W. Becker, 1987. Anhydrobiosis of the Bdelloid Rotifer Habrotrocha rosa (Aschelminthes). Z. mikrosk.-anat. Forsch. 101: 1–17.Google Scholar
  19. Womersley, C. Z., 1981. Biochemical and physiological aspects of anhydrobiosis. Com. Bioch. Physiol. 70B: 669–678.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic Publishers 1998

Authors and Affiliations

  • Claudia Ricci
    • 1
  1. 1.Dipartimento di BiologiaMilanoItaly

Personalised recommendations