, Volume 395, Issue 0, pp 433–454 | Cite as

A quality classification for management of Scottish standing waters

  • Ian Fozzard
  • Ross Doughty
  • Robert C. Ferrier
  • Tom Leatherland
  • Roger Owen


The development of a national scheme for the standing waters of Scotland is described. It classifies waters along three gradients – phosphorus, loss of acid neutralising capacity and degree of contamination with toxic suubstances. A series of case studies provide examples of the application of the classification in lake management.

Scotland lochs eutrophication acidification toxic substances classification 


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Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic Publishers 1999

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ian Fozzard
    • 1
  • Ross Doughty
    • 2
  • Robert C. Ferrier
    • 3
  • Tom Leatherland
    • 1
  • Roger Owen
    • 4
  1. 1.Scottish Environment Protection Agency
  2. 2.Scottish Environment Protection Agency
  3. 3.Macauley Land Use Research InstituteAberdeen
  4. 4.Scottish Environment Protection Agency

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