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Biodiversity & Conservation

, Volume 10, Issue 3, pp 403–426 | Cite as

The ground beetles (Coleoptera: Carabidae) of exposed riverine sediments in Scotland and northern England

  • M.D. Eyre
  • M.L. Luff
  • D.A. Phillips
Article

Abstract

A survey of invertebrates on exposed riverine sediments (ERS) in four catchments of rivers in Scotland and northern England was carried out in 1996 and 1997 using pitfall traps. The resulting 179 lists of ground beetle species were used in ordination and classification analyses to determine the different types of habitats and the environmental factors influencing species assemblage distribution. Types of ERS habitat differed between highland and lowland catchments; there were also different numbers of habitat types in each catchment. The distribution of ERS within catchments was related to geology, position in catchment, sediment composition and the amount of vegetation. Evidence of the positive nature of river engineering was identified and the role of river management is discussed. The numbers of nationally rare and scarce ground beetle species recorded from the ERS habitats in each catchment are reported and the factors affecting their distribution discussed.

Carabidae exposed riverine sediments ground beetles habitat diversity invertebrate conservation rarity 

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Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic Publishers 2001

Authors and Affiliations

  • M.D. Eyre
    • 1
    • 2
  • M.L. Luff
    • 1
  • D.A. Phillips
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of Agricultural Environmental ScienceThe UniversityNewcastle upon TyneUK
  2. 2.Entomological Monitoring Services (EMS)Newcastle upon TyneUK
  3. 3.Scottish Natural HeritageEdinburghUK

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