Biodiversity & Conservation

, Volume 10, Issue 7, pp 1131–1140 | Cite as

Home range area in the tortoise Testudo hermanni in relation to habitat complexity: implications for conservation of biodiversity

  • S. Longepierre
  • A. Hailey
  • C. Grenot
Article

Abstract

The tortoise Testudo hermanni is endangered by habitat fragmentation and loss in western Europe, where its high public profile and specific conservation projects make this a flagship species. Studies of movement in the peak reproductive season (June) showed that home ranges were substantially larger in France than in Greece. This difference was due to the intensity of use of the home range, not to the distance moved which was remarkably similar in the two areas. There was no sexual difference in home range area. The home range was therefore not large in France because of movement to nesting sites, but rather for utilization of the greater habitat complexity there. The need for reserves to include different vegetation types makes conservation of T. hermanni in France more difficult. Conversely, the need for large reserves increases its value as an umbrella species for conservation of biodiversity.

flagship species fragmentation France habitat complexity home range movement Testudo hermanni tortoise umbrella species 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Anonymous (1996) IUCN Red List of Threatened Animals. IUCN, Gland, SwitzerlandGoogle Scholar
  2. Breder RB (1927) Turtle trailing: a new technique for studying the life habits of certain Testudinata. Zoologica, New York 9: 231-243Google Scholar
  3. Chelazzi G andCalzolai R (1986) Thermal benefits from familiarity with the environment in a reptile. Oecologia (Berlin) 68: 557-558Google Scholar
  4. Calzolai R andChelazzi G (1991) Habitat use in a central Italy population of Testudo hermanni Gmelin (Reptilia, Testudinidae). Ethology, Ecology and Evolution 3: 153-166Google Scholar
  5. Cheylan M (1981) Biologie et écologie de la tortue d'Hermann Testudo hermanni hermanni GMELIN 1789. Contribution de l'espèce à la connaissance des climats quaternaires de la France. Mémoire Travaux Ecole Pratique des Hautes Etudes, MontpellierGoogle Scholar
  6. Cheylan M (1984) The true status and future of Herman' tortoise Testudo hermanni robertmertensi Wermuth 1952 in Western Europe. Amphibia-Reptilia 5: 17-26Google Scholar
  7. Cheylan M,Condamine M,Boyer JL andManière R (1993) Plan d'action pour la protection des tortues d'Hermann et cistude. Premiers résultats. Rapport du Conservatoire Etude des Ecosystèmes de Provence (CEEP). Espaces Naturels de Provence, MontpellierGoogle Scholar
  8. Cruon C (1997) Etude ornithologique de certains secteurs de la plaine des Maures. SIVOM du Centre Var, Le Luc en ProvenceGoogle Scholar
  9. Diaz-Paniagua C,Keller C andAndreu AC (1996) Clutch frequency, egg and clutch characteristics, and nesting activity of spur-thighed tortoises, Testudo graeca, in southwestern Spain. Canadian Journal of Zoology 74: 560-564Google Scholar
  10. Felix J (1984) Les tortugues continentals de l'Emporda. Proposicio d'estacio zoologica a la Sierra de la Balmeta. Grup d'estudi i proteccio de les tortugues, EmpordaGoogle Scholar
  11. Fiers V,Gauvrit B,Gavazzi E,Haffner P andMaurin H (1997) Statut de la faune de France Métropolitaine. Statuts de protection, degrés de menace, statuts biologiques. Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle, ParisGoogle Scholar
  12. Guyot G (1996) Biologie de la conservation chez la tortue d'Hermann française. Thesis, University of Paris VI, ParisGoogle Scholar
  13. Guyot G andClobert J (1997) Conservation measures for a population of Hermann' tortoise Testudo hermanni in southern France bisected by a major highway. Biological Conservation 79: 251-256Google Scholar
  14. Hailey A (1989) How far do animals move? Routine movements in a tortoise. Canadian Journal of Zoology 67: 208-215Google Scholar
  15. Hailey A andCoulson IM (1996) Differential scaling of home range area to daily movement distance in two African tortoises. Canadian Journal of Zoology 74: 97-102Google Scholar
  16. Hailey A andWillemsen RE (2000) Population density and adult sex ratio of the tortoise Testudo hermanni in Greece: evidence for intrinsic population regulation. Journal of Zoology, London 251: 325-338Google Scholar
  17. Hunter ML (1996) Fundamentals of Conservation Biology. Blackwell Science, Cambridge, MassachusettsGoogle Scholar
  18. Huot-Daubremont C,Grenot C andBradshaw D (1996) Temperature regulation in the tortoise Testudo hermanni hermanni, studied with indwelling probes. Amphibia-Reptilia 17: 91-102Google Scholar
  19. Lavagne A,Marino ML andRebuffel G (1998) Commune de Vidauban, site No 12 Bastide Cristou, Rouquan Nord. SIVOM du Centre Var, Le Luc en ProvenceGoogle Scholar
  20. Longepierre S andGrenot C (1998) Compte rendu de l'étude écophysiologique de 10 secteurs dans la Plaine des Maures. Distribution de la tortue d'Hermann (Testudo hermanni hermanni). SIVOM du Centre Var, Le Luc en ProvenceGoogle Scholar
  21. Marlow RW andTollestrup K (1982) Mining and exploitation of natural mineral deposits by the desert tortoise, Gopherus agassizii. Animal Behaviour 30: 475-478Google Scholar
  22. Schwartz MW andvan Mantgem PJ (1997) The value of small preserves in chronically fragmented landscapes. In: Schwartz MW (ed) Conservation in Highly Fragmented Landscapes, pp 379-394. Chapman & Hall, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  23. Stubbs D andSwingland IR (1985) The ecology of a Mediterranean tortoise (Testudo hermanni): a declining population. Canadian Journal of Zoology 63: 169-180Google Scholar
  24. Stubbs D,Swingland IR,Hailey A andPulford E (1985) The ecology of theMediterranean tortoise Testudo hermanni in northern Greece. The effects of a catastrophe on population structure and density. Biological Conservation 31: 125-152Google Scholar
  25. Swingland IR,Stubbs D,Newdick M andWorton B (1986) Movement patterns in Testudo hermanni and implications for management. In: Roček Z (ed) Studies in Herpetology, pp 573-578. Charles University, PragueGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic Publishers 2001

Authors and Affiliations

  • S. Longepierre
    • 1
  • A. Hailey
    • 1
  • C. Grenot
    • 1
  1. 1.Ecole Normale Supérieure, Laboratoire d'EcologieParisFrance

Personalised recommendations