Tribology Letters

, Volume 13, Issue 1, pp 41–47 | Cite as

Evaluation of Local Mechanical Properties in Depth in MoDTC/ZDDP and ZDDP Tribochemical Reacted Films Using Nanoindentation

  • Jiping Ye
  • Makoto Kano
  • Yoshiteru Yasuda


Local mechanical properties in depth and near the surface of MoDTC/ZDDP and ZDDP tribofilms, which exhibited obviously different friction coefficients in a pin-on-disc test, were determined by using a nanoindentation technique combined with in-situ atomic force microscopy (AFM) observation. Tapping-mode AFM observation revealed that the MoDTC/ZDDP film was much rougher than the ZDDP film. Nanoindentation measurement revealed that the MoDTC/ZDDP and ZDDP tribofilms possessed different elasto-plasticities around a depth of several nanometers from the surface, although both films showed the same hardness and modulus depth distributions except in the surface area. The same mechanical depth distributions indicated that both kinds of tribofilm were functionally graded materials; that is, they consisted of a layer near the surface with lower hardness and modulus and providing lubrication and a base layer with higher hardness and modulus and serving to modify property differences at the interface. Most importantly, the different elasto-plasticities near the tribofilm surfaces revealed that the MoDTC/ZDDP tribofilm possessed lower shearing yield stress than the ZDDP tribofilm. The results of this study suggest that the presence of some solid lubricants such as MoS2 just below the MoDTC/ZDDP film surface reduced the boundary friction coefficient.

ZDDP MoDTC hardness modulus elasto-plasticity nanoindentation 


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Copyright information

© Plenum Publishing Corporation 2002

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jiping Ye
    • 1
  • Makoto Kano
    • 2
  • Yoshiteru Yasuda
    • 2
  1. 1.Research DepartmentNISSAN ARC LTD.YokosukaJapan
  2. 2.Materials Research LaboratoryNissan Motor Company, Ltd.Japan

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