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Wireless Networks

, Volume 8, Issue 5, pp 455–466 | Cite as

Distributed Priority Scheduling and Medium Access in Ad Hoc Networks

  • Vikram Kanodia
  • Chengzhi Li
  • Ashutosh Sabharwal
  • Bahareh Sadeghi
  • Edward Knightly
Article

Abstract

Providing Quality-of-Service in random access multi-hop wireless networks requires support from both medium access and packet scheduling algorithms. However, due to the distributed nature of ad hoc networks, nodes may not be able to determine the next packet that would be transmitted in a (hypothetical) centralized and ideal dynamic priority scheduler. In this paper, we develop two mechanisms for QoS communication in multi-hop wireless networks. First, we devise distributed priority scheduling, a technique that piggybacks the priority tag of a node's head-of-line packet onto handshake and data packets; e.g., RTS/DATA packets in IEEE 802.11. By monitoring transmitted packets, each node maintains a scheduling table which is used to assess the node's priority level relative to other nodes. We then incorporate this scheduling table into existing IEEE 802.11 priority backoff schemes to approximate the idealized schedule. Second, we observe that congestion, link errors, and the random nature of medium access prohibit an exact realization of the ideal schedule. Consequently, we devise a scheduling scheme termed multi-hop coordination so that downstream nodes can increase a packet's relative priority to make up for excessive delays incurred upstream. We next develop a simple analytical model to quantitatively explore these two mechanisms. In the former case, we study the impact of the probability of overhearing another packet's priority index on the scheme's ability to achieve the ideal schedule. In the latter case, we explore the role of multi-hop coordination in increasing the probability that a packet satisfies its end-to-end QoS target. Finally, we perform a set of ns-2 simulations to study the scheme's performance under more realistic conditions.

distributed scheduling medium access IEEE 802.11 ad hoc networks 

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Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic Publishers 2002

Authors and Affiliations

  • Vikram Kanodia
    • 1
  • Chengzhi Li
    • 2
  • Ashutosh Sabharwal
    • 1
  • Bahareh Sadeghi
    • 1
  • Edward Knightly
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of ECERice UniversityHoustonUSA
  2. 2.CS DepartmentUniversity of VirginiaCharlottesvilleUSA

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