Journal of Community Health

, Volume 27, Issue 4, pp 277–290 | Cite as

Effectiveness of an Intervention to Increase Pap Test Screening Among Chinese Women in Taiwan

  • Su-I HouEmail author
  • Maria E. Fernandez
  • Elizabeth Baumler
  • Guy S. Parcel


This study assessed the effectiveness of a theory-based direct mail campaign in encouraging non-compliant women, aged 30 and older or younger if married, to obtain a Pap test. Participants were female family members of inpatients admitted to one of the major teaching hospitals in Taiwan during August–September 1999. A total of 424 women were recruited in the randomized intervention trial. Three months following implementation of the intervention, women in the intervention group reported a higher rate of Pap test screening than women in the comparison group (50% versus 32%) (p = 0.002). Women in the intervention group also showed higher perceived pros of a Pap test at follow-up (p = 0.031). Although women in both groups showed an increased knowledge and intention to obtain a Pap, only the intervention group had significantly higher follow-up scores on perceived pros and susceptibility. The results shows that the intervention was effective in increasing Pap test screening among Chinese women within three months. The results also support the use of Intervention Mapping, a systematic program development framework for planning effective interventions.

Pap test screening intervention mapping program evaluation Chinese women 


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Copyright information

© Human Sciences Press, Inc. 2002

Authors and Affiliations

  • Su-I Hou
    • 1
    Email author
  • Maria E. Fernandez
    • 2
  • Elizabeth Baumler
    • 2
  • Guy S. Parcel
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of Health Promotion and Behavior, School of Health and Human Performance, College of EducationThe University of GeorgiaAthens
  2. 2.Center for Health Promotion and Prevention Research (CHPPR), School of Public HealthThe University of Texas--Houston Health Science CenterUSA
  3. 3.School of Public HealthThe University of Texas--Houston Health Science CenterUSA

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